Adenosine triphosphate is the full form of ATP. Adenosine is a nucleotide which is present in the cells of human body. The base of adenosine triphosphate comprises of adenine and ribose sugar and phosphate units each containing a phosphorous atom and four oxygen atoms. Adenosine joins with phosphate to form various compounds namely adenosine monophosphate and adenosine triphosphate. ATP is also known as ‘universal energy currency’ because it can be used in different chemical reactions. The energy that is needed for the body is stored in the adenosine triphosphate molecule. Using the process of hydrolysis ATP is broken down into adenosine diphosphate or ADP which in turn is broken down into adenosine monophosphate or AMP and finally this into adenosine.
The main function of adenosine is to carry energy to the cells of the body.
It plays an important role in the production of RNA which means ribonucleic acid.
Adenosine triphosphate or ATP is helpful in determining the actions of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.
It is also used in the treatment of a heart rhythm disorder called supraventricular tachycardia.
Adenosine triphosphate helps in proper metabolism of the body.
It assists in muscle contraction.
It helps to increase the energy and stamina of the body.
It helps to preserve muscle fibers and delays fatigue.
Adenosine triphosphate safeguards lactic acid buildup which is the reason for sore and achy muscles after a physical activity.
It also helps in neurotransmission.
To maintain ATP at normal level, a dosage of 3 to 5gm is sufficient.
Athletes and people who are worried about their cardiovascular health may require a higher dose.
The main side effect of adenosine is metallic taste.
Other side effects of adenosine include a temporary rash on the chest, lightheadedness, facial flushing and nausea.