It has been found that cigarette smoking is a risk factor for osteoporosis. This is a known fact for more than 20 years now. Smoking can enhance the risk of osteoporosis in the following ways:
- The number of cigarettes you smoke and the longer you take per smoke determines the rate at which your bones lose mass and cause fractures in old age.
- Once smokers get fractures they take more time to heal than in the non-smoking ones.
- Men and women who smoke have been found to have a significant bone loss.
- Even secondary smoking is detrimental to bone health, especially among children and adolescents.
- Women smokers are prone to early menopause and infertility in addition to early bone loss.
- Smokers who quit the habit can help curb the bone loss but to reverse the damage takes a long time.