Osteoporosis is a disease that results in the loss of bone mass in people whose rate of formation of bone mass is lesser than the amount lost due to age, gender and genetic predisposition which leads to painful joints and fractures.
Osteoporosis can happen due to various reasons. The main ones being gender – women are more at risk; age – older people are more prone to the condition; hormone imbalance – testosterone in males and estrogen in females. Other causes are calcium and vitamin D deficiency and preexisting medical conditions.
Osteoporosis can increase the risk of falls due to weaker bones. This being the mildest form of osteoporosis, it can later on cause fractures of the hips, ribs and wrists. In cases where the spine has been fractured it can lead to vertebral collapse or spinal curvature. The condition can be quite debilitating.