What is Vulvovaginitis?

  • Vulvovaginitis is an infection that causes continuous itchiness, significant amount of discharge of vaginal fluid, and soreness near the vaginal area of a woman.   This infection is said to affect women of all age groups. Since this infection has the maximum effect on the vulva, this infection is termed Vulvovaginitis.
  • Vulvovaginitis is by and large caused by bacterial infection, fungal infection, or due to someparasitic infection near the vaginal area. The other known causes of Vulvovaginitis infection can be due to yeast infection or  due to some sexually transmitted infections.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Women do have a considerable amount of vaginal discharge during their menstrual cycles but this discharge is usually limited. If this discharge happens to be continuous and increases in amount, then it may be caused due to the Vulvovaginitis infection.
  • If a woman is infected by Vulvovaginitis, then she will experience soreness near the vaginal area and continuous itching sensation will prevail. The itching may cause these areas to swell up and become sore and reddish in color. This may   also be accompanied by a severe burning sensation or inflammation near the labia majora and labia minora areas.
  • Due to this infection, the woman may also be prone to foul stench from the vaginal area. The woman may experience difficulty while urinating due to burning sensation felt around the vaginal area.
  • Those who have this infection will have difficulties and experience pain during sexual intercourse as the vaginal area becomes sore and swells up.
  • There is no age limit or particular age group of women who are more likely to get affected by the Vulvovaginitis infection. And that is why women of any age groups are prone to get this infection.

Causes of this infection:

  • Vulvovaginitis infection can be caused due to two main types of infections, which are bacterial infection and fungal infection. It is also prone to occur due to parasitic infection. ‘Candida Albicans’ is a type of yeast which can cause this infection. Gardnerella is a bacterium which can be the reason for the bacterial infection. Vulvovaginitis infection is also possible due to a parasite called as Trichomonas Vaginalis.
  • Trichomonas Vaginalis is supposed to be more painful than the others because if this parasite infects a woman, then it will pave way for excess itching sensation, profound vaginal discharge which will be a yellowish or greenish fluid.
  • Gynecologists have also stated that this infection can be caused due poor personal hygiene which can cause infective bacterias from the anal areas to infect the vaginal region of the women. This infection can speed up if the woman wears clothes that are tight and of dark clothes which help the bacteria to grow rapidly.
  • This infection can also be caused by various allergic reactions caused due to any particular medication or due to any creams that are applied near the vaginal area. Some other things due to which a woman can get this infection are old condoms, soaps, body spray, lubricants used during sexual intercourse, tampons and sanitary pads.
  • Leading gynecologists also point out the role of sexually transmitted diseases contracted through unknown and infected partners for receiving this infection. It has also been proved statistically that women who are diabetic are more prone to get this infection compared to women who do not have diabetes.  
  • Women who are deficient in estrogen after their menopause period can also contract these infections. The deficiency of estrogen causes the vaginal area  to become dry and this causes itchiness and burning sensations.

Prevention and treatment of this Infection:

  • The gynecologists strongly advise women to maintain their personal hygiene by cleaning the vagina and other private areas with a strong anti-septic soap daily. This infection can also be prevented by changing worn clothes and using clean washed clothes. Cotton clothes and under garments should be preferred over nylon or any other clothes made of synthetic material.
  • Regular checkups with the gynecologists are also advisable and it is considered as a smart preventive step to detect the infection at an early stage. The gynecologist generally carries out a small pelvic examination to check whether there are any signs of the infection.
  • The specialists generally prescribe oral medication in form of antibiotic tablets and also some anti bacterial and anti fungal creams which are to be applied to the affected areas. Doctors also suggest the use of Antihistamine if the infection is caused due to allergic reactions.
  • The treatment of this infection should begin on time and no unnecessary delay should occur for the treatment because the infection is known to relapse if not cured on time. It will become painful if the infected person takes time to visit a specialist.