Varicose veins

Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins are veins that are abnormal, expanded veins closer to the skin visible to the naked eye. Often termed as spider veins due to the swollen twisting, these veins appear like a bulge or lump that makes the patient suffer severe cramps and heaviness. Usually blue or dark purple in color, these veins commonly appear on legs and ankles. Although these are not serious, but sometimes varicose veins tend to rupture forming varicose ulcers on the skin.


The major cause of Varicose Veins is the feeble valves and leg veins. Generally, there are two parts of veins in the human body. The first one-way veins pump blood flowing from the legs and ankles right to the heart. When the walls of the vein become weak and less supple, this may not allow the blood to flow backward; hence resulting in blood clotting and enlarged veins. The second vein helps blood flow in one direction to rest of the body.


Symptoms of varicose veins include;

  • Aching of legs
  • Spider veins
  • Swelling of ankle
  • Skin yellowing near affected areas
  • Reddening and drying of skin
  • Cramps
  • Minor injuries take longer than usual to heal
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • White scar like patchiness at the ankles


Tests to detect varicose veins include;

  • Trendelenburg test
  • Fegan’s test
  • Perthe’s test
  • Multiple Tornique test


To treat varicose veins, the following treatments can be done;

  • Sclerotherapy to seal the vein
  • Laser treatment to obliterate the vein
  • Radiofrequency treatment to close up the vein
  • Surgery to seal or eliminate the vein


Varicose veins are a long-term disease, the symptoms of which can be organized and managed with leg elevation and by wearing compressed stockings. Treatment includes surgeries which although removes the varicose veins permanently leaving scars behind; but, cannot avoid or stop new varicose veins from forming.


  • To a certain extent, varicose veins can be prevented by following the simple steps;
  • Wearing compression stockings improves blood flow to the body, hence preventing varicose veins
  • Elevating the legs regularly to keep away clotting of blood in the lower legs helps pump blood flow to the other parts of the body
  • Sitting or standing for longer duration causes varicose veins. To prevent it, minimize doing these tasks.
  • Controlling the weight and exercising, walking, cycling and swimming prevents varicose veins.

Treatment cost

Surgery for varicose veins costs $1500 to $3000 plus the fee charged.