Varicella

History :

Varicella is also known as chickenpox, which is a very infectious (transferable) disease. It is caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus. Normally it starts with bladder skin rash essentially on the body and head rather than at the edge and becomes itchy, raw pockmarks, and which is typically recover without scarring. In the UK, it is expected that in every 1,000 women just 3 (0.3%) of them catch chickenpox throughout pregnancy. Varicella is an airborne disease; hence it is easily disseminate from one person to another person through coughing and sneezing.

 

Signs and Symptoms:

It is different from both adults and kids.

In teenagers and adults:

  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Aching muscles
  • Headache
  • High Fever

In kids the infection is not generally anticipated by prodromal symptoms, and the starting symptom is the rashes in the oral cavity. Then next these rashes becomes as small red dots in the following parts of the body, those are:

  • Face
  • Head
  • Upper arms
  • Legs
  • Torso

After completion of the half of the day, these red dots changes into small bumps, blisters and pustules; followed by umbilication and the formation of scabs on skin wounds.

Precautions:

  • Do not rub the rashes. Rubbing them can cause major skin infections. Apart from the particular disadvantages of rubbing, the pus that comes out from the rash can spread infection to others.
  • Do take sufficient rest, and do not over strain yourself. These will hold up the recovery process by weakening your immune system.
  • Keep your kid away from other kids and people because it is highly contagious and is easily spread.        
  • In the night time, wear socks on your child’s hands hence they don’t scratch their rashes while sleeping.
  • Mainly remember one thing that cut your nails well so as to avoid scratching yourself.
  • And use lotion like calamine to soothe the skin while not making it dry, because itching and irritation occurs with dry skin.
  • Have a bath in warm water filled with neem leaves. This will help to reduce the irritation and get rid of any skin infections that might occur.

Drugs for Treatment:

  • Acyclovir
  • Loratadine