Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes can form in only a few days, so it is necessary to know the signs that will alarm you to get a thorough checkup done by your physician. Since Type 1 Diabetes is a prolonged illness, it is necessary to keep a check on the disease to get an early diagnosis.

The initial Type 1 Diabetes signs can come suddenly, and it may include:

Retinopathy

This is a disorder of the eyes that unearths when the small blood vessels at the back of the eye gets damage because of high blood sugar. To avoid blindness an early detection and treatment is imperative.

Neuropathy

In this situation nerve damage is witnessed due to high blood sugar that can result in pain and numbness in some areas. It may affect the nerves in the feet and hands.

Nephropathy

This is the damage caused to kidney by high blood sugar which is quite common. If diabetes and nephropathy is left untreated, it may lead to kidney failure also.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

This occurs when the body generates acidic substances i.e. ketones as an alternated energy fuel that is generally produced from glucose. The symptoms include stomach ache, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and if left untreated can result in coma as well as death also.

Hypoglycemia

This condition arises when too much insulin is taken and not sufficient carbohydrates are absorbed to balance out the excess insulin. The symptoms of this condition include irritability, blurred vision, headache, sudden sweating, dizziness and confusion. If not treated, hypoglycemia may result in coma.

Atherosclerosis

This situation involves heart and blood vessel troubles that are because of uncontrolled high blood sugar.

Foot problems

Foot problems are often linked with diabetes. People who suffer from peripheral neuropathy often do not read the symptoms i.e. sores on their feet, which can result in infection.  This may lead to amputation of the foot, and even the leg or any part of the leg.

Type 1 Diabetes Causes

Type 1 Diabetes is witnessed when the body's immune system attacks and damages its own cells in the pancreas which is responsible for the insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is convert sugars and carbohydrates into the energy that is required for your body to maintain its normal function. Once these cells are destroyed, the body stops producing enough insulin to convert the sugars and carbohydrates into energy. This situation can result in life threatening illnesses.

It is believed that caused of Type 1 Diabetes are often genetics. Some people may be genetically prone to develop the disease and viruses such as rubella; mumps and Coxsackie which can accelerates the onset of the disease. The cause of this type of diabetes is not the viral infection however the infection may lead the sign of the disease.
The causes may include:

  • Diabetes may run in families, but genetic cause (a positive family history) is much more general for type 2 diabetes.
  • Environmental elements, including common viral infections, may also contribute to this disease.
  • Type 1 Diabetes is common in people of Sardinia and Finland, Hispanic Americans, non-Hispanic, and African Americans. It is relatively less common in Asian descent.
  • Type 1 Diabetes is a little more common in men than in women.

Diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are often noticed very suddenly.

  • It is usually noticed in childhood or early adolescence, often comes with an illness (urinary tract infection) or injury.
  • The most common diabetes symptom is excessive thirst and increased urination.
  • The excess stress can result in diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Vomiting and Nausea are the Symptoms of ketoacidosis. It may cause dehydration and often threatening fluctuations in blood levels of potassium.
  • Another diabetes symptom is a flu-like feeling.
  • One may experience tiredness, weakness and poor appetite.
  • Variations in the body weight are also a possible diabetes symptom.
  • Unclear or blurred vision is yet another diabetes symptom.
  • Diabetes can slow down the process of healing.
  • Loss of feeling in the hands and feet are another diabetes symptom.

One must consult a physician as soon as the symptom is detected. Nevertheless, it is not the end of the process. By proper and timely treatment, balanced diet and regular exercise a diabetic can lead healthy and happy life.

Type 1 Diabetes Cure

There are two types of cure for type 1 diabetes.

Transplant

The complete type 1 diabetes cure is to get a new pancreas or part of the pancreas through transplant. There is no other way to revitalize the cells that produce insulin. Albeit, many experts believe that the possible complications of a transplant are more difficult that the inconveniences of living with the disease so transplants are not generally recommended. The disease is handled by a mix of insulin and well planned diet to maintain normal glucose levels in the blood.

Diet

Type 2 diabetes can generally be tackled completely with diet as people with type 2 are still producing some insulin. If they break up their food intake through out the day and avoid high calorie foods, in most cases they can reach a point where their pancreas is able to perform. If not, they can opt for drugs to enable to manage it. However, this is not generally the case with type 1 where insulin is not at all produced.

The only option left with the type 1 diabetic is to follow a special diet, to the point where insulin is no longer needed at all. So, if you are looking for a type 1 diabetes cure you could take it for granted that raw food diet, based on medical advice, can be your only remedy.

Type 1 Diabetes Diet

When you have diabetes, your body does not produce or rightly use the hormone, insulin. Insulin helps your body to convert sugar and starch into the energy required to survive.

In diabetes, it is necessary that you eat the same types of foods in prescribed quantity. Ideally, you should intake 45% to 65% of your regular calories from carbohydrates, 15 to 20% of your daily calories should come from protein, and healthy fats should be the source of your 20 to 35% of calories.

It is also important to eat at regular intervals. Long gaps between meals can drop your blood sugar. Eating too much food in one go and then skipping the next meal can also be harmful and generate diabetic complications.

You can control your diabetes by paying careful attention to the foods that you absorb into your body. It simply means that you need to stick to a diet rich in primary foods. This means you should eat a diet having natural and unprocessed foods such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains in larger quantity compare with processed food.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

Healthy lifestyle choices in diet, exercise, and other habits are the best treatment for diabetes. These will enable to improve glycemic (blood sugar) control and prevent or alleviate complications of diabetes.

Diet: A healthy diet is the most important component to controlling blood sugar levels and preventing any complications.

  • If the patient over weight and is facing difficulty losing weight naturally, talk to a dietitian. He may suggest you a weight modification program to help the patient reach the target.
  • Eat a regular, well-planned and balanced diet rich in fiber, low in saturated fat, and concentrated sweets.
  • A consistent diet having roughly the same quantity of calories at about equal gap of times helps the healthcare provider prescribe the right dose of medication or insulin.
  • It will also keep the level of blood sugar proportionally even and avoid excessive fluctuation in blood sugar levels, which can be life threatening.

Exercise: Regular exercise can also help cut down the threat of developing diabetes. Activity can also simmer down the risk of developing diabetes related complexities such as kidney failure, heart disease, stroke, blindness, and leg infections.

Alcohol Use: You must moderate or stop consumption of alcohol. Don’t go more than seven alcoholic drinks in a week and never more than two or three in an evening.

Smoking: Cigarette smoking or use of any other form of tobacco will raise the risks of more complications of diabetes. Smoking damages blood vessels and results in heart disease, stroke, and poor circulation in the limbs.

Self-monitored Blood Glucose: Check blood sugar levels often, at least before meals and at bedtime, and keep a record of it.

This record should also incorporate oral medication doses and times or insulin, eating timings, exercise regime, and any important events of the day such as low or high sugar levels and how they dealt with the problem.

Diabetes is not exactly a threatening disease if detected and treated timely and the patient can actually enjoy life even at the face of it.