Tinnitus

People experience a variety of sounds in the ear occasionally which lasts within few minutes or hours. Whereas people with Tinnitus condition hear the sound persistently and which does not get better or go away. Tinnitus is not a harmful and life threatening problem but it troubles, irritates and affects your quality of life and further you may fall under psychological distress.

Symptoms

Patient with tinnitus condition can hear several sounds such as ringing, buzzing, humming, grinding, hissing, whistling, sizzling and all types of hearing loss. It has been classified into two types, Pulsatile and Nonpulsatile.

Pulsatile: This type of condition is caused by sound created by muscles movements and blood flow changes in the blood vessels.

Non-pulsatile: This type of tinnitus is caused by nervous system. Patient may hear sound in one ear or both and in some cases, it comes from inside the head.

Causes

Common causes of Tinnitus include:

  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Exposure to loud noise
  • Earwax blockage
  • Ear bone changes
  • Head injuries or neck injuries
  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Ear infections or disorders
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Nerve Problems
  • Anemia
  • Thyroid

Medications such as aspirin, antibiotics and cancer treatment medicines taken in high dose may lead to Tinnitus condition. Many people experience Tinnitus condition which ends up within few minutes or hours and medical treatment is not required in this case. If symptoms are more severe then medical attention is necessary to get cured at early stage otherwise it may lead to other serious problems.

Diagnosis

Doctor examines your neck, head and ears to identify Tinnitus condition. Your doctor recommends you to take tests for ruling out the possible causes. If doctor suspects hearing loss, he may refer to undergo Audiological Test to check the level of hearing. Imaging tests such as MRI and CT scan are suggested by a doctor to examine auditory nerve, brain and muscle movements.

Treatment

Research is still continuing to find the best treatment for Tinnitus condition. After diagnosing the condition, doctor provides you a necessary treatment depending on health condition, age and severity of symptoms. Treatment includes,

  • Earwax removal
  • Treating a blood vessel condition
  • Hearing aids (Amplification)
  • Tinnitus retraining Therapy
  • Drug Therapy and Sound Therapy

A medication does not cure Tinnitus condition completely but provides relief over symptoms. Drugs such as Amitriptyline, Nortriptyline, Niravam and Xanax may help you to reduce the symptoms but they can have troublesome side effects such as dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, constipation and heart related problems.

Here we offer you few tips to protect yourself Tinnitus condition. This includes:

  • Avoid things such as nicotine, loud noises, caffeine and excessive consumption of alcohol because those things make your Tinnitus worse.
  • Get out of stress with the help of therapies such as relaxation and biofeedback to feel better.
  • Don't listen to music with high volume through headphones to reduce the risk of Tinnitus condition.