Thrush is an infectious condition caused by a fungus called "Candida" that occurs in areas such as throat, tongue, mouth lining and gums. Furthermore, it is not limited to the mouth and may infect all other parts of the body such as blood, genitals and skin. Thrush can affect anyone but it is more common in infants which seems to be like a milk curds on the sides of a baby's mouth or tongue.


Most common symptoms of thrush are as follows:

  • Characteristic white patches
  • Cracking at the outer edges of the lips
  • Dry mouth
  • Soreness in teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Thrush is a common fungal infection that affects both men and women in equal ratio. It is not a life threatening problem and can be cured completely with medications and treatment.


Thrush is caused by the excessive growth of yeast infection called as "Candida" and it normally present in the human body but overgrowth of Candida in the body affects the areas such as blood, genitals, mouth and skin.

Candidiasis infection has been classified into several types:

  • If it affects mouth organs, then it is called as oral candidiasis.
  • If it occurs in genital areas, it is called a yeast infection and common in both men and women.
  • If the infection gets into the bloodstream, it is termed as invasive candidiasis.


Your doctor diagnoses thrush condition by examining your mouth and tongue, if it is an oral candidiasis. If he suspect the thrush infection and it is not clear, patient has to undergo the following test to look for Candida

  • Culture of mouth lesions
  • Microscopic examination of mouth scrapings


Treatment is not necessarily required for infants, as it usually last within 2 weeks. If symptoms are mild, doctor prescribes you antibiotics and mouth wash based on your physical condition. Furthermore, if thrush symptoms are more severe, he may suggest strong medicines such as fluconazole and itraconazole.


Here we offer you few precautions to prevent the risk of thrush condition. This includes,

  • Brush your teeth with soft toothbrush.
  • Gargle with hydrogen peroxide solution twice in a day and rinse your mouth with salt warm water.
  • Take cold liquids to get out of thrush condition.
  • Keep your mouth clean and prefer dentist if you experience severe symptoms.