Throat Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
|Ribbon||Burgundy & Ivory Color|
Throat cancer is a disease that affects the throat of an individual. It is a type of head and neck cancer. It has different names based on the part of the throat that is affected. The different parts of throat (pharynx) include oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), the hypopharynx (the lower part of the pharynx) and the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose). At times the voice box (larynx) or tonsils is also affected with throat cancer.
Cancer occurs when cells in the throat divide without control or unconditionally. If cells keep dividing abnormally and uncontrollably, it forms a mass of tissue called as tumor. These tumors are of two types- malignant tumors, which can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body and a benign tumor usually does not invade or spread. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas that mean they begin in thin, flat cells appearing like fish scales.
The symptoms of throat cancer are often nonspecific and sometimes marked as signs of a harmless disease or other cancers.
Throat cancer symptoms in early stage
Throat cancer symptoms in late stage
Treatment for throat cancer depends on many factors that include size, location and stage of your throat cancer, your overall health and your personal preferences. The treatments include the following:
The throat cancer is seen majorly in people who smoke. The main risk factors for cancerous tumors or the cancer cells in the throat area that develop in an abnormal way are due to smoking or using smokeless tobacco or alcohol. Therefore, it is evident that men are predominantly affected. Another cause of throat cancer is because of cells in throat that develop genetic mutations. These mutations cause cells to divide uncontrollably and continue living after healthy cells would normally die. These cells accumulate and form a tumor in your throat.
What causes the mutation that result in throat cancer is not known. But doctors have identified few prominent risk factors that may increase your risk of throat cancer.
There are different ways to diagnose throat cancer which are recommended by doctor.
To prevent throat cancer from occurring no confirmed way has been identified. But following few precautions can keep you on safe side.
After undergoing the treatment, the patients have to face few side effects that include: