Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
Month April
Ribbon Royal Blue Color

Cancer that develops in the testes which are located within the scrotum of a male human body is called as testicular cancer. The function of these testes is to make male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.

Signs & Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include;

  • A group or augmentation in either testicle
  • A sensation of weight in the scrotum
  • A boring discomfort in the stomach or groin
  • An unexpected selection of liquid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or discomfort of the testes
  • Cancer usually impacts only one testicle


Testicular cancer is treatable and includes the following treatment to be done. The treatment is given depending upon the stage of cancer and the advancement of testicular cancer.

  • Orchidectomy
  • Testosterone replacement therapy
  • Lymph node surgery
  • Nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
  • Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy


The causes of testicular cancer are mentioned below;

  • Undescended testicles
  • Age and race
  • Family history
  • Endocrine disruptors
  • Infertility
  • Smoking
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Height

Tests and Procedures

The tests and procedures one has to undergo to confirm testicular cancer are

  • Scrotal ultrasound
  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy
  • MRI
  • CT Scan

Preventive Meas ures

There's no way to avoid testicular melanoma. Some physicians suggest frequent testicle self-examinations to recognize testicular melanoma at its very first level.

If you choose to do a testicular self-examination, a fun time to analyze your testes is after a heated bath or bath. The heated water calms your testes, making it simpler for you to find anything uncommon.

To do this evaluation, adhere to these steps:

  • Take a position at the front side of a mirror. Look for any inflammation on the skin of the testes.
  • Examine each testicle with both arms. Place the catalog and center fingertips under the testicle while putting your thumbs on the top.
  • Carefully move the testicle between the thumbs and the fingertips. Remember that a man’s testes are usually sleek, square formed. It's frequent for one testicle to be a little bit bigger than the other. Also, the cable major way up from the top of the testicle (epididymis) is a component of the testes. By consistently doing this examination, you can become more acquainted with your testes and aware of any changes that might be of issue.

Treatment Cost

  • Primary RPLND - $29,300- 34,800
  • Primary Chemo - $47,360

Side Effects

The side effects of treating this disease are;

  • Decreased appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Red, dry skin
  • Chills
  • Hair loss
  • Mouth sores
  • Shortness of breath

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