Teratoma is a disease that is generally found in children and which will be formed before the birth or at time of birth. It is the formation of tumor, due to various types of tissues. In newborn kids, this disease is very gentle, not effective and will not be spread. But it can become worse, in-case if it becomes more mature and also will depend on the type of cells involved in it.

Causes of Teratoma

Generally Teratoma is a birth defect and that does not have any particular cause for it. But, it is caused due to the increased mutations which are associated with the development of teratoma disease. It is also said that this disease is caused due to number of related inherited defects which can cause effect on central nervous system, genitourinary tract as well as lower spine of the child.

Symptoms :

Symptoms of Teratoma may vary from person to person, but some of them are common which are as following:

  1. Lumps
  2. Pain
  3. Inflammation
  4. Tenderness
  5. Swelling
  6. Constipation
  7. Incontinence
  8. Leg weakness and
  9. High levels of Alpha Feto Protein

Tests for Teratoma

Generally prenatal ultrasound is the test mostly used for teratoma. While the other tests for this disease are as follows:

  1. Biopsy
  2. Complete Blood Count
  3. Blood Chemistries
  4. Genetic Studies of Kidney and liver
  5. Computerized Tomography Scan
  6. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  7. X-ray and
  8. Sonography

Treatment of Teratoma

Teratoma can be treated using special treatments, which generally depend upon the stage and type of the teratoma disease that child is suffering from. Following are the common treatments for this disease:

  1. Surgery
  2. Chemotherapy
  3. Radiation therapy
  4. Supportive care and also includes
  5. Continual follow-up care

Prognosis :

Tumors of teratoma are not harmful, so even the prognosis for matured teratoma disease will be exceptional. In kids even the prognosis of immature teratoma will be good and not much harmful. But the prognosis of this disease in adults is unfortunately less favorable.

Complications of Teratoma

Potential complications of teratoma will include the following:

  1. Respiratory failure in kids as well as adults.
  2. Hemorrhage
  3. Pneumothorax
  4. Formation of fistulae more commonly in Aorta, Esophagus or  Bronchus
  5. Rupture can take place in Bronchus, Pericardium and Pleural Cavity

Prevention and Treatment Cost :

Prevention of teratoma is very difficult as the cause of this disease is unexpectable. Cost of Teratoma treatment depends upon the type of Teratoma, severity and also type of test as well as treatment selected.