Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a condition that usually causes pain around tendons of the elbow due to strenuous overuse of arm, forearm and hand muscles and it is also referred as lateral epicondylitis. Tennis elbow problem is typically seen in players who give more stress on tendons of forearm muscles. Anyone can experience this kind of problem but it is more common in middle age. This can happen more severe, if you do the same activity again and again.

Symptoms of Tennis Elbow

People with tennis elbow experience pain and tenderness at outer part of the elbow and in the forearm muscles. You may notice severe pain when lifting objects by bending the arm, doing activities repeatedly and when twisting the forearm.

The pain is often worse when you do forearm activities such as holding a racquet, shaking hand, handling utensils and the pain may shift towards the wrist from the elbow.


Usually tennis elbow is caused due to overuse of arm, forearm muscles and wrist repeatedly for doing activities. Risk factors of tennis elbow are:-


The extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) is a muscle used to stabilize the wrist when doing an activity repeatedly. Pain occurs in the elbow when ECRB gets weakened due to strenuous overuse, which produces microscopic tears in forearm tendons and leads to inflammation.


People who do recreational activities repeatedly affect the forearm muscle which leads to severe pain in the elbow. Painters, carpenters, plumbers and people who use computer mouse regularly are more likely under the risk of tennis elbow.


Anyone can experience a tennis elbow, if they participate in the aforementioned factors. Mostly, it affects the people who are between the ages of 30 to 50.

Tests and Procedures

It is good to visit a doctor, if you have severe persistent pain in your elbow. Your healthcare provider suggests few tests to diagnose the problem with tennis elbow. This includes,

  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound scan
  • MRI

Note: Above mentioned tests are recommended, if you experience a severe pain in the elbow.

Treating Tennis Elbow

Doctor prescribes you the appropriate treatment based on several factors such as age, other medications being taken, medical history and most importantly severity of pain. 80 % to 90% of people are treated well with non surgical treatment. It gets better without any kind of treatment, if you give a complete rest to your arm without doing an activity that causes problem to the elbow.

  • Ice-pack can sometime provide a fast relief, if you have a tennis elbow problem. You can follow this procedure twice a day for 10 to 15 minutes to feel comfortable.
  • Pain killer such as Ibuprofen is most commonly used drug to treat tennis elbow. Some pain killers are available in the form of creams and gels, which are more helpful to reduce the elbow pain.
  • Physiotherapy treatment helps the patient in a great way to reduce the pain. Physiotherapist makes a use of few methods such as massage, laser therapy and exercises to provide relief from the pain. You can wear special support armband to protect your elbow from severe pain.
  • Steroid injections are given to the patient, if the symptoms are severe and above mentioned treatments are not worked properly.
  • At last, if the symptoms are really troublesome, then the doctor advise a patient to undergo surgery. Only few people require an operation to come out the tennis elbow pain.


Here we provide you few useful precautions to protect your elbow from the pain:

  • Stop doing activities which contains repetitive movements or else take a break between the tasks.
  • It is better to use splint while playing sports such as tennis, badminton and change your technique to alleviate the problem.
  • Try to avoid stress on painful area to get relief from tennis elbow symptoms.