Tennis elbow is a condition that usually causes pain around tendons of the elbow due to strenuous overuse of arm, forearm and hand muscles and it is also referred as lateral epicondylitis. Tennis elbow problem is typically seen in players who give more stress on tendons of forearm muscles. Anyone can experience this kind of problem but it is more common in middle age. This can happen more severe, if you do the same activity again and again.
People with tennis elbow experience pain and tenderness at outer part of the elbow and in the forearm muscles. You may notice severe pain when lifting objects by bending the arm, doing activities repeatedly and when twisting the forearm.
The pain is often worse when you do forearm activities such as holding a racquet, shaking hand, handling utensils and the pain may shift towards the wrist from the elbow.
Usually tennis elbow is caused due to overuse of arm, forearm muscles and wrist repeatedly for doing activities. Risk factors of tennis elbow are:-
The extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) is a muscle used to stabilize the wrist when doing an activity repeatedly. Pain occurs in the elbow when ECRB gets weakened due to strenuous overuse, which produces microscopic tears in forearm tendons and leads to inflammation.
People who do recreational activities repeatedly affect the forearm muscle which leads to severe pain in the elbow. Painters, carpenters, plumbers and people who use computer mouse regularly are more likely under the risk of tennis elbow.
Anyone can experience a tennis elbow, if they participate in the aforementioned factors. Mostly, it affects the people who are between the ages of 30 to 50.
It is good to visit a doctor, if you have severe persistent pain in your elbow. Your healthcare provider suggests few tests to diagnose the problem with tennis elbow. This includes,
Note: Above mentioned tests are recommended, if you experience a severe pain in the elbow.
Doctor prescribes you the appropriate treatment based on several factors such as age, other medications being taken, medical history and most importantly severity of pain. 80 % to 90% of people are treated well with non surgical treatment. It gets better without any kind of treatment, if you give a complete rest to your arm without doing an activity that causes problem to the elbow.
Here we provide you few useful precautions to protect your elbow from the pain: