Autism, which is also called childhood autism or Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD) in medical language, is a condition in which communication -- be it verbal or non-verbal, cognitive, social or motor skills are impaired among the children. About 9 in every 10,000 children suffer from autism around the world. Boys are four times more prone to get autism than girls.
Though initially the child may seem normal, he becomes more and more unresponsive as he grows. Autistic children face problems in developing normal relations with people and communicating with them. They are unable to decipher non-verbal forms of communication like face expressions and generally their language skills too are impaired. These children live in the world of their own.
The severity of autism ranges from mild to moderate to severe. While one autistic person may be able to live on his own, another might remain totally dependent on others for basic functions throughout their life.
It is believed that autism occurs generally during fetal development. Genetic predisposition, viral infection and traumatic factors are some of the causes of autism. If a woman in her first trimester of pregnancy gets viral infection, including rubella, her newborn will be more prone to get autism. Children with tuberous sclerosis too have higher risk of getting autism. If one of the parents has fragile X syndrome or phenylketonuria, their child is at high risk of being an autistic child. Generally, it has been seen that emotional disorders have been the part of the autistic children's families' history.
Symptoms may differ from one child to another as not all autistic children have all the symptoms.
Autistic children may create problems while eating or toilet training. They may not respond to their parents' overtures or not smile back at them. They may not even get attached to their parents. They may also resist being hugged or cuddled.
They prefer to remain aloof and play alone rather than children of their age or even toys. These children are not at all interested in communicating with children of their age or other people. They are unable to understand feelings of other people. They might not even make eye contact with others.
They have peculiar verbal and non-verbal language skills like speech and facial expressions. Either they won't speak at all or even if they speak it would be immature and unimaginative. About 40 per cent of autistic children do not speak at all while the others generally repeat something which was said to them. For e.g. if you ask them something, they will repeat your question instead of answering it.
Autistic children hate changes of any kind and want to maintain a set behavior pattern or routine. If their routine is slightly changed, they get upset and throw tantrums. They may play with only one toy and in a specific manner. They are likely to develop obsessive behavior towards a toy, thing or a person. Autistic children may repeat their actions again and again.
Diagnosis of Autism: Early diagnosis of autism is very important. Since autistic children's reaction to sounds is abnormal, deafness could be the first diagnosis. Many autistic children have a neurological disorder which could be detected in a thorough neurological and psychiatric evaluation.
Homeopathy not only focuses on the symptoms of autism but the general physical and mental constitution of the autistic child, his medical history, his parents' medical history and vaccination to find the cause of autism in the child. Once the cause is ascertained, homeopathic medicines are administered to the child accordingly.
Though there is now cure for Autism in conventional treatment, children can be made to learn new skills with the help of early and intensive education. Special classes are held for autistic children where structured behaviorally-based programs help children to learn to speak, play, interact and communicate with others. Parents too are involved in such activities.
However, there are medicines which can help treat some of the austim symptoms like seizures, hyperactivity and symptoms of autism in toddlers, aspergers symptoms in toddlers, etc.
More infomation about symptoms of autism find below: