Strep Throat


Strep throat is a bacterial infection that occurs by a germ called Group 'A' Streptococcus bacteria which is developed in the throat and tonsil region. It mostly affects young children and adolescents and it is not common in adults and toddlers.


Strep throat may have mild or severe symptoms depending upon the age of an infected person. If it is untreated, it may lead to some other serious complications such as kidney problems, rheumatic fever and heart related problems.



 Strep throat symptoms may include:-

  • Severe throat pain when swallowing
  • White patches with red sore throat
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Body aches
  • Rashes
  • Fatigue

The aforementioned symptoms can also occur for some other illness. It is better to seek a doctor, when you or your child experiences such kind of symptoms.


Strep throat is a contagious bacterial infection that is spread through direct and indirect contact with saliva and sneeze of an infected person. You could become ill, if you use same glass or same plate of an infected person. Strep throat infection causes irritation and inflammation in the throat region.

It is most commonly caused by allergies, throat injury and viral infections. Smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol, can damage the lining of the throat which leads to risk of bacterial infection. Recent medical studies states that, people who have other diseases such as HIV/AIDS, cancer and diabetes are at higher risk.

Tests and Procedures

Your GP examines your throat based on your symptoms and previous health condition. He advises you to take the rapid strep test to diagnose strep throat. If you experience severe symptoms even though the test result is negative then the doctor suggests you to undergo standard throat culture test.

During this procedure, a bacterium from throat region is collected and it is tested in laboratory using a special kit. To diagnose the strep throat, doctor makes a use of McIsaac's scorecard rating system. Your doctor prescribes you antibiotics based on your test score.


Strep throat can be cured completely with the use of antibiotics and the most commonly used antibiotic to treat bacterial infection in throat is penicillin. Doctor prescribes you to take this medicine for a period of 5 to 10 days. Erythromycin ethyl succinate is an alternative medicine, which is given by a doctor for people who experience allergic condition to penicillin.

Removal of tonsils is suggested for people who experience strep throat problem repeatedly. After surgical treatment, patient may feel difficulty while taking food and liquid contents. It lasts for 5 to 10 days and full recovery may take at least for four to five weeks.

Here we provide you few tips to feel better from sore throat:-

  • You feel much better, if you gargle twice in a day with warm water.
  • Take liquids such as lemon tea, green tea or tea with honey to stay healthy.
  • Rub with cool-mist vaporizer on the strep throat area to feel relief from symptoms. Do it twice or thrice per day.


Some safety precautions may help you to stay out of strep throat problem. This includes,

  • Wash your hands frequently before taking food.
  • Cover the mouth and nose with a cloth or tissue when coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid close or direct contact with people who are infected with strep throat. Don't share food, water and utensils with them.
  • If strep throat is diagnosed, stay in home for a period of 24 to 48 hours  when undergoing antibiotic therapy.