Strep throat is a bacterial infection that occurs by a germ called Group 'A' Streptococcus bacteria which is developed in the throat and tonsil region. It mostly affects young children and adolescents and it is not common in adults and toddlers.
Strep throat may have mild or severe symptoms depending upon the age of an infected person. If it is untreated, it may lead to some other serious complications such as kidney problems, rheumatic fever and heart related problems.
The aforementioned symptoms can also occur for some other illness. It is better to seek a doctor, when you or your child experiences such kind of symptoms.
Strep throat is a contagious bacterial infection that is spread through direct and indirect contact with saliva and sneeze of an infected person. You could become ill, if you use same glass or same plate of an infected person. Strep throat infection causes irritation and inflammation in the throat region.
It is most commonly caused by allergies, throat injury and viral infections. Smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol, can damage the lining of the throat which leads to risk of bacterial infection. Recent medical studies states that, people who have other diseases such as HIV/AIDS, cancer and diabetes are at higher risk.
Your GP examines your throat based on your symptoms and previous health condition. He advises you to take the rapid strep test to diagnose strep throat. If you experience severe symptoms even though the test result is negative then the doctor suggests you to undergo standard throat culture test.
During this procedure, a bacterium from throat region is collected and it is tested in laboratory using a special kit. To diagnose the strep throat, doctor makes a use of McIsaac's scorecard rating system. Your doctor prescribes you antibiotics based on your test score.
Strep throat can be cured completely with the use of antibiotics and the most commonly used antibiotic to treat bacterial infection in throat is penicillin. Doctor prescribes you to take this medicine for a period of 5 to 10 days. Erythromycin ethyl succinate is an alternative medicine, which is given by a doctor for people who experience allergic condition to penicillin.
Removal of tonsils is suggested for people who experience strep throat problem repeatedly. After surgical treatment, patient may feel difficulty while taking food and liquid contents. It lasts for 5 to 10 days and full recovery may take at least for four to five weeks.