Soft Diet What Is It And What Are The Foods You Should Eat And Avoid?

Soft diet - the word may seem new to many, but is actually one of the conventional method. Yet, with slight changes and modifications, the diet system has become a new concept. Most of the doctors are suggesting many patients soft diet for the early recovery, Thus, the knowledge of the soft diet is one of the things that must be known.

What is soft diet?

Soft diet is the easiest diet that could be digested easily. It is often suggested to the patients who got surgery or to the patients suffering from dental ailments, stomach infections or to the patients who are undergoing critical treatments such as chemotherapy etc.  The soft diet doesn’t contain any of the hard things so that the food would be easier to chew and swallow easily. Most of the items that are harder to digest and that could form gas are eliminated. The soft diet aims the gradual development of the appetite.

People often confuse soft diet with mechanical soft diet which is intended to easy chewing. There are no restrictions of food items in mechanical soft diet. Every item, as much as possible, would be softened by using grinder or knife.

Soft diet could be grind only in case of necessity. Raw and coarse food items are avoided and refined ones are recommended.

What are the foods you should eat and avoid?

The food that can be included in soft diet are tomato, baked-mashed potato,  other vegetables that could be mashed with a fork after cooking, banana, while bread rolls, pasta, butter, margarine, smooth yogurt, cheese without spices or  seeds, creamy peanut butter, smooth ice creams, custard, pudding, cookies and cakes without dry fruits and nuts, tender meat etc.

The food items that need to avoid in soft diet are beans, fried chicken, raw eggs, nuts, dry fruits, seeds, coconut, sprouts, cauliflower, green pepper, cabbage, cucumber, spices, garlic, strong cheese, raw vegetables, popcorn, corn, carrot etc.

Cautions:

  • The selection of items must be chosen as per the calories, carbohydrates and fats that could be provided. Maintaining the nutrients chart is rather important.
  • Try to start with clear liquids and increase the number of food items gradually as soft diet
  • Try to make as full fluids with the possible items. Pulpy juice, pudding and hot cereals in smooth texture would work better.
  • Don’t hesitate to the assistance of machines like blender and mixtures if the food is not smooth.
  • Some of the items like carrots and celery may not be soft usually but will be softer in soups. If they didn’t get enough smooth, they can be blended and mixed in the soup.
  • Dissolve the item if it is not possible to take it directly. The items like bread, if they couldn’t be chewed, could be added with syrup to make it softer.
  • Be creative and try to go for different varieties with the available items.
  • Can have desserts as they have high level of calories.
  • Try to have smaller meals in number of times. This would help in improving the appetite and provide sufficient values to the body
  • Powdered supplements or protein syrups can be added to the food to improve the calories