Silicosis is a form of lung disease affected by inhalation of Silicon dioxide dust which is marked by irritation and scarring in the form of wound in the upper lobes of the lungs. Silica is a common, naturally-occurring crystal. It exits in most rock beds and forms dust through mining, quarrying, tunneling and working with many metal ores. Silica is also a part of sand, hence glass cutters and sand-blasters are also affected by Silicosis.
Three types of silicosis occur:
Results from long-period exposure to little amounts of silica dust, which causes enlargement in the lungs and chest lymph nodes. This disease may affect people to have breathing problems. This is the very common form of silicosis.
It happened after disclosure to large amounts of silica over a less period of time. Compared to simple silicosis, symptoms and enlargement of lungs occur faster in Accelerated silicosis.
Effected when short-period disclosure to very huge amounts of silica. The lungs become very irritated and can fill with fluid which effect on breathing and low blood oxygen levels.
People who work in jobs where they are exposed to Silicon dioxide dust are at high risk.
These jobs include:
In advanced cases, the following may also occur:
Silicosis is an irreversible condition and there is no specific treatment for Silicosis. Treatment options mainly focused on improving the symptoms and preventing complications. These include:
Experimental treatments include: