SIDS means Sudden infant death syndrome and other names are cot death and crib death. It is an unexpected death of kids that is not predicted by medical history and remains mysterious after a thorough forensic autopsy and detailed death scene investigation. Kids are the highest risk for SIDS during sleep. Generally, in this the kid is found dead after having been put to bed, and never shows symptoms of having struggled. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the main reason for death among newborn babies like 1 month to 1 year old, and declares the lives of about 2,500 each year in the United States.

The cause of SIDS unknown, but some features related with this syndrome have been identified. Those features are:

A triple-risk model explains that SIDS exists when a kid with an underlying, biological susceptibility who is at a critical developmental age is exposed to an external trigger.

SIDS avoidance strategies include:

  • Avoid hard mattress, but close to caretakers
  • No loose blanket, a comparatively cool sleeping environment, using a pacifier
  • Avoidance of exposure to tobacco smoke

Anyway, the risk of SIDS can be greatly reduced. Mainly, kids younger than 1 year old should be placed on their backs to sleep and never face-down on their stomachs. It is a dangerous situation because it can affect without any caution, usually in apparently healthy babies. Most of these deaths are related with sleep and infants who die of SIDS show no symptoms and warnings of suffering.

Potential risk factors:

  • Smoking, drinking, or drug use during pregnancy
  • Poor care during pregnancy
  • Prematurity or low birth weight
  • Mothers younger than 20
  • Tobacco smoke exposure following birth
  • Overheating from excessive sleepwear and bedding
  • Stomach sleeping
  • Brain abnormalities
  • Respiratory infection


  • Always put a baby to sleep on its back
  • Only put babies to sleep in a crib
  • Offer the baby a pacifier when going to sleep
  • Make sure the room temperature is not too hot
  • Avoid soft bedding materials