Septicemia

Septicemia is bacteria present in the blood (bacteremia) that regularly happens with severe infections. It can occur from infections throughout the body.

Causes:

Septicemia is a deadly dangerous infection that decomposes very quickly. It affects all the other parts of the body such as lungs, abdomen and urinary tract. It may also effects on:

  • Bone (osteomyelitis)
  • Central nervous system (meningitis)
  • Heart (endocarditis)
  • Other tissues

 

Symptoms of Septicemia:

Septicemia can mainly start with:

  • Chills
  • High fever
  • Rapid breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Person looks very ill

The symptoms quickly progress to:

  • Confusion
  • Red spots on the skin
  • Shock
  • Decreased or no urine output.

Exams and Tests for Septicemia Disease:

A physical examination may show:

  • Low blood pressure
  • Low body temperature or fever
  • Signs of related disease (such as meningitis, epiglottitis, pneumonia, or cellulitis)

Tests that can confirm infection include:

  • Blood culture
  • Blood gases
  • CBC
  • Clotting studies
    • PT
    • PTT
    • Fibrinogen levels
  • CSF culture
  • Culture of skin sore
  • Platelet count
  • Urine culture

Treatment:

Septicemia is a critical position that needs a hospital stay and you may be admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU).

You may be given:

  • Antibiotics to treat the infection
  • Fluids and medicines by IV to maintain the blood pressure
  • Oxygen
  • Plasma or other blood products to correct any clotting problems

Prognosis:

The prognosis relies on the bacteria involved and how rapidly the patient is to be admitted to a hospital for treatment and then treatment begins. The death rate is more than 50% for some infections.

Possible Complications:

Septicemia can quickly lead to:

  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Septic shock
  • Death

Prevention:

  • Receiving treated for infections can prevent septicemia.
  • The Haemophilus influenza B (HIB) vaccine and S. pneumoniae vaccine have already reduced the number of septicemia cases in children.
  • In some cases, people who are in close touch with some person who suffered with septicemia may be arranged protective antibiotics.