Septicemia is bacteria present in the blood (bacteremia) that regularly happens with severe infections. It can occur from infections throughout the body.
Septicemia is a deadly dangerous infection that decomposes very quickly. It affects all the other parts of the body such as lungs, abdomen and urinary tract. It may also effects on:
- Bone (osteomyelitis)
- Central nervous system (meningitis)
- Heart (endocarditis)
- Other tissues
Symptoms of Septicemia:
Septicemia can mainly start with:
- High fever
- Rapid breathing
- Rapid heart rate
- Person looks very ill
The symptoms quickly progress to:
- Red spots on the skin
- Decreased or no urine output.
Exams and Tests for Septicemia Disease:
A physical examination may show:
- Low blood pressure
- Low body temperature or fever
- Signs of related disease (such as meningitis, epiglottitis, pneumonia, or cellulitis)
Tests that can confirm infection include:
- Blood culture
- Blood gases
- Clotting studies
- CSF culture
- Culture of skin sore
- Platelet count
- Urine culture
Septicemia is a critical position that needs a hospital stay and you may be admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU).
You may be given:
- Antibiotics to treat the infection
- Fluids and medicines by IV to maintain the blood pressure
- Plasma or other blood products to correct any clotting problems
The prognosis relies on the bacteria involved and how rapidly the patient is to be admitted to a hospital for treatment and then treatment begins. The death rate is more than 50% for some infections.
Septicemia can quickly lead to:
- Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Septic shock
- Receiving treated for infections can prevent septicemia.
- The Haemophilus influenza B (HIB) vaccine and S. pneumoniae vaccine have already reduced the number of septicemia cases in children.
- In some cases, people who are in close touch with some person who suffered with septicemia may be arranged protective antibiotics.