Sepsis is a life-threatening complication caused by the body overwhelming to an infection. This kind of disease occurs when chemicals get into the blood stream to fight against infection which cause inflammation throughout the body and people who have weak immune system gets affected with sepsis more likely.

Sepsis is a serious condition that may lead to septic shock in worst cases. It affects organs such as kidneys; lungs and liver severely and even trigger fatal heart problems. Over one million people have been affected with this condition around the world.


Sepsis symptoms develop more quickly after being affected. Doctors have been categorized sepsis as three stage syndrome which includes Sepsis, Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock depending on symptoms.

Sepsis symptoms include:

  • High temperature (above 101.3 F)
  • Chills
  • Rapid pulse rate
  • Fast breathing

In severe sepsis case, symptoms may include:

  • Lower amount of urination
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Changes in mental ability
  • Platelet count decreases
  • Weakness and Dizziness

Septic shock symptoms include:

  • Drop in blood pressure to a low level
  • Organs failure
  • Symptoms of severe sepsis

Immediate medical attention is required if you experience the above mentioned signs and symptoms. Person's survival rate increases, if prompt treatment is provided as early as possible.


Any type of infection - bacterial, viral and fungal can trigger sepsis disease. It mainly occurs when person gets affected with the following infections. This includes:

  • Pneumonia
  • Abdominal infection
  • Kidney infection
  • Bloodstream infection
  • Weakened Immune system
  • Aging population
  • Skin Infection

In extremely rare cases, source of sepsis infection cannot be detected. People are more vulnerable to the disease, who are

  • Having Serious illness such as HIV/AIDS, leukaemia
  • Taking Cancer treatment
  • Having Genital infections


Doctor recommends you to perform certain tests to pinpoint the severity of an infection. He may suggest you to take blood test initially. To determine the type of infection and stage of sepsis, patient has to undergo other tests. This include,

  • Urine Test
  • Stool sample Test
  • Wound secretion
  • X-ray
  • CT scan
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Kidney, liver and hear function tests


Treatment of sepsis differs for each patient depending on type of infection and stage of sepsis. Medications such as vasoactive, insulin, corticosteroids and painkillers, IV fluids are given to a patient based on his/her physical condition and stage. Doctor prefer dialysis in severe sepsis stage and in rare cases, surgery is needed to remove a source of infection.