The sciatica is disease cause to pain that emit down the path of the sciatic nerve. It branches down from your lower back to each leg. This disease affects the patient only one side of the body.

It mainly occurs due to herniated disk or a bone spurs on the back squeeze part of the nerve and this may cause irritation, pain and numbness in the affected leg.

The pain associated with this disease may be severe and it can solve with few weeks traditional treatments. People who are suffering from this disease severe after treatment may be need to go under surgery to ease the pressure on the nerve.

What Are the Symptoms of Sciatica?

  • The pain cause by this disease to back or leg may increases while sitting
  • Burning or tingling down the leg
  • The difficulty in moving the leg may be due to weakness or numbness.
  • The constant pain may cause on one side of the back
  • Due to the pain you cause difficulty to stand

What Causes Sciatica?

  • Spinal disc herniation
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Pregnancy

Tests and Diagnosis

To test this disease, the doctor may check your muscle strength and reflexes.

Imaging Tests

  • X-ray.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan.

Treatments and Drugs

If your pain doesn’t get better with self-care measures, the doctor suggests the following treatments.


The types of drugs that might be prescribed may include:

  • Anti-inflammatories
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Narcotics
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Anti-seizure medications

Physical Therapy

If your pain gets better, the doctor or a therapist can suggest a treatment to help you prevent recurring injuries.

This typically includes exercises such as:

  • Knee to chest stretch
  • Sciatic mobilising stretch
  • Back extensions
  • Standing hamstring stretch
  • Lying deep gluteal stretch

Alternative Medicine

The most efficient treatment for acute sciatica is spinal manipulation but for chronic sciatica it is poor. Spinal manipulation treatment is safe for disc-related pain. However it is associated with cauda equina syndrome and it is suggest or indicate that when there is continuous neurological deficiency


This surgery option is usually suggested when nerve causes weakness, bowel or bladder incontinence or pain that progressively worsens. Surgeons can remove the bone spur or affected portion of the herniated disk that's pressing on the pinched nerve.