Rickets is a bone disease caused by vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D is responsible for calcium and phosphorous absorption. Low calcium and phosphate level in the body weakens the bones and result in bone deformities. Anti seizure medications also hamper the body's natural ability to use vitamin D. This preventable bone disease is common in children. Physical deformities can be completely cured if proper treatment is given in the early stages.
Different types of rickets are,
A thorough study of medical and nutritional history is essential to diagnose rickets. Tests including arterial blood gases, blood tests (calcium- blood test), bone biopsy (rarely done), bone x-rays, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) - blood test and serum phosphorus test are employed in diagnosing rickets.
Vitamin D and calcium supplements are used to treat rickets. Choose annual vitamin D injection if you don’t want your child to take vitamin D supplements daily. Severe bone abnormalities can only be treated by surgery.
How much does it cost to treat rickets?
NHS reports £76m for vitamin D deficiency treatment, in 2011.
Is there any way to prevent rickets?