Prostate Cancer


To learn about prostate cancer, let us first discover the anatomy of the prostrate to have a better and brief understanding about the topic. The normal prostate is a walnut sized gland located beneath the bladder opposite the rectum. The cancer tumor that grows in prostate that spreads to the bones and lymph nodes is called as prostate cancer. An unknown fact is that prostate is not an important part of life but a vital organ for reproduction. This organ supplies substances to help the process of fertilization and sperm transit.

Signs & Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include;

  • Increased need to urinate, especially during night
  • Problem starting or stopping the stream of urine
  • Feeble or broken up urinary system
  • Urine leakage when laughing or coughing
  • Incapability to urinate in standing position
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
  • Blood in urine or semen


Prostate cancer treatment depends on the stages it has been advanced to.

Treatment for early prostate cancer includes;

  • Watchful waiting
  • Active surveillance
  • Surgery
  • External beam radiotherapy
  • Brachytherapy

Treatment for advanced prostate cancer includes;

  • Hormonal therapy
  • Surgery to relieve symptoms
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy to relieve bone pain
  • Controlling symptoms


Although the causes of prostate cancer remain unknown but the following factors contribute to the causes of this disease;

  • Age risk
  • Ethnic group
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Irregular or no exercise
  • Unhealthy diet

Tests & Procedures

The tests and procedures to detect this disease include;

  • Digital Rectal Examination
  • Prostate specific antigen blood test
  • Prostate ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Cystoscopy or bladder scope test
  • CAT scans and prostate cancer diagnosis
  • MRI

Preventive Measures

To keep prostate cancer at bay, follow the below mentioned preventive measures.

  • Low fat diet
  • More of veggies than animals
  • Increased intake of fruits
  • Eat fish
  • Reduce the amount of dairy products
  • Consume green tea
  • Reduction in consumption of alcohol
  • Maintain healthy weight

Treatment Cost

The treatment cost of this disease would cost you around $19,901 for robot assisted prostatectomy for a first stage prostate cancer which hikes to $50,276 to treat an advanced stage cancer.

Side Effects

The side effects of prostate cancer treatment include;

  • Urinary dysfunction
  • Bowel dysfunction
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Loss of fertility
  • Side effects of hormone therapy
  • Side effects of chemotherapy

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