Parkinsonís disease

Parkinson's disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that hampers regular movements.


Low dopamine level is the leading cause of Parkinson’s disease. The nerve cells in the substantia nigra (a specific area in the brain) that produce dopamine are affected in Parkinson disease. This is a chronic progressive disorder, as this incurable disease gets worse over time. Proper treatment can only reduce symptoms. The risk of Parkinson’s disease is considered to be high in men. People with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder are at greater risk for Parkinson’s disease.


Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease develop gradually and are often unnoticed.

  • Slight tremors in hands
  • Expressionless face
  • Muscle rigidity
  • Abnormal postures
  • Parkinsonian gait (shuffling walk with a stooped position)
  • Patients with Parkinson’s disease will also have problems with their sense of smell. It affects speech and writing as well.


It is difficult to diagnose Parkinson’s disease, as there isn’t any specific test for it. A medical practitioner diagnoses the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease based on the patient’s medical history and neurological examinations.


  • Carbidopa/ Levodopa therapy: This is one of the popular medications available to treat Parkinson’s disease. Carbidopa- levodopa mix is also called Sinemet.

How does Carbidopa/ Levodopa therapy work?

DOPA decarboxylase enzyme converts Levodopa to dopamine and carbidopa allows more of it to reach the brain. Consult a medical practitioner in order to lower the risk of side effects and harmful drug interactions.  

  • Stem cell therapy has proved to be effective in relieving the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. After the therapy, patients showed satisfactory progress in their movements, linguistic ability, vision and memory.  
  • Severe cases of Parkinson’s disease need surgery.  In DBS (Deep Brain Stimulation) surgery, electrodes are implanted to stimulate areas of the brain that supports movement. Other surgery options include removal of certain areas of brain responsible for the Parkinson’s symptoms.

Treatment cost:

The number of people with Parkinson’s disease is increasing worldwide. In USA, around 60000 cases of Parkinson’s disease are reported every year. The treatment cost comes around $2,500 to $10,000.


  • Circumin found in the spice turmeric, is found effective in preventing this disease.
  • Flavonoid- rich foods would also lower the risk of getting Parkinson’s disease.