Parathyroid Cancer

Parathyroid Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
Month September 
Ribbon Purple Color


The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands positioned in the neck or upper mediastinum (chest) near the thyroid forming a part of the endocrine system. The endocrine program manages the hormones in the body system. Akin to all parts of endocrine system, the parathyroid glands play a significant part in the body system. These glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH), which manages the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. A parathyroid growth typically develops in one of the four parathyroid glands.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of parathyroid cancer are mainly originated by high amount of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), and may affect various parts of the body. They include:

  • Bone pain
  • Constipation s
  • Fatigue
  • Fractures
  • Frequent thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Kidney stones
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nausea
  • Poor appetite
  • Vomiting


Treatment may include:

  • surgery (to remove the tumor)
  • External radiation (external beam therapy)
  • Chemotherapy
  • Bisphosphonates
  • Calcimimetic agents


The precise reason of parathyroid tumors is not completely understood. People affected by a state known as multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN1) are at a high risk of developing parathyroid tumors. This is an unusual condition that is caused by a flawed gene. It can be conceded on from one generation to another (inherited).

Cancer of the parathyroid glands has also been linked to exposure to radiation.

Tests & Procedures

Your doctor will begin by asking you about your medical history and any symptoms that you have.

A number of tests will be done. These may include any of the following.

  • CT Scan
  • Blood and urine tests
  • Parathyroid scan
  • X ray and scans
  • Ultra sound scan
  • Sestamibi scan
  • SPECT scan
  • Angiogram
  • Venous sampling

Preventive Measures

Because risk factors for parathyroid cancer remain unknown, there is currently no way to prevent it.

Treatment Cost

The cost of treating Parathyroid cancer depends on the stage of cancer detected and the clinic preferred for treatment.

Side Effects

  • Anemia
  • Appetite Loss
  • Attention, Thinking, or Memory Problems
  • Bleeding Problems
  • Blocked Intestine or Gastrointestinal Obstruction
  • Clotting Problems
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty Chewing
  • Difficulty Swallowing or Dysphagia
  • Dry Mouth or Xerostomia
  • Edema or Fluid Retention
  • Fatigue
  • Mouth Sores or Mucositis
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Nervous System Side Effects

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