Osteochondroma Awareness Month & Ribbon
Osteochondroma is a tumor that can occur in bones and cartilages. Usually found in the long bones, these benign tumors frequent the shoulder or knee. Occurring frequently in young males, these tumors cause lesions leading to deformity of the bone.
Primary symptoms of osteochondroma include pain due to the intruding lesion or presence of a painless mass around the bone. These lesions and tumors can also cause spontaneous fractures due to the pressure on the bone.
Though the exact cause of osteochondroma is not known, it has been proved to follow a strong hereditary pattern. Depending on how dominant it is the condition can lead to single or multiple osteochondroma.
Simple X-rays are too primitive to diagnose the condition. Other imaging techniques such as ultrasound scan, CT scan, MRI scan and the like are better ways of reaching a conclusion. Histopathological studies of the bone biopsy show if the bone cell is cancerous. It also helps in understanding the nature of the cancer and its advancement.