Non-gonococcal urethritis is an infection of the urethra. Urethra is a tube running from the bladder through the penis in men or the labia in women. It is mostly found in men. The organisms that cause this infection are sexually transmitted.
There are infectious and non-infectious causes of Non-gonococcal urethritis. The sexually transmitted infection chlamydia is considered to be the foremost cause in most of the cases of Non-gonococcal urethritis. Tiny parasites, bacteria, urinary tract infection, herpes virus are also few of the infectious causes. The non-infectious causes are like irritation from a product used in genital areas, damage to urethra due to excessive sex or masturbation are few of them.
The symptoms vary in men and women. In men there could be white or cloudy discharge from the penis tip, feeling of pain and burning sensation while passing urine, sore or irritated feeling in penis and frequent urination. Symptoms in women include unusual vaginal discharge, pain during sexual intercourse, bleeding between periods and after sex.
There are two tests which are undertaken to diagnose Non-gonococcal urethritis. Either of the tests can be done, but generally the doctors carry out both to ensure the diagnosis. These two tests are swab test and urine test. In swab test, a small sample of fluid from urethra is taken and examined under the microscope to test for the bacteria causing it. In urine test, patient is asked not to urinate for about 2 hours and then the urine sample is taken to examine the bacteria.
Non-gonococcal urethritis is usually treated with antibiotic to kill the bacteria that has caused it. The doctors examine the patient and find out which bacteria have caused it and then start with the short course of antibiotic medication.
Non-gonococcal urethritis has serious complications as its outcome. Joint pain, inflammation of eyes, recurring urethritis, inflammation of testicles, pelvic inflammatory disease in women which can cause lesser infertility and pregnancy issues are major complications related to NGU.
As NGU is sexually transmitted infection, so the best method of prevention is to have safe sex. Keeping a limited number of sex partners, using protections while sex, washing genital after physical relation, are few of the preventive measures.
The treatment for NGU is majorly the short courses of antibiotic. Thus the cost of the treatment is not much. It majorly depends on the price of the medicine prescribed. Though some antibiotics are expensive but on an average the cost of treatment comes around $500—to $1000.