The nervous system is an organ system of nerves and cells. The main function of nervous system is to carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body. It is made up of the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS is made up of the brain and spinal cord and the PNS is made up of somatic and autonomic nervous system.
Nerve cancer refers to the growth of the cancer cells or tumors of the nerve cells. The tumors formed in cells from the nervous system may be benign or malignant. The cancerous tumor of the nerve cells affects the nerve function thereby causing pain and disability. As nervous system runs throughout the body, nerve cancer can be classified into two types.
Example of a type of nerve cancer is Neurofibrosarcoma which involves the peripheral nerves (also called fibroneuroma).
The causes of nerve cancer are unclear but the risk factors that increase the risk are:
Genetic disorders, radiation exposure and occupation – workers in certain industries like oil refining and drug manufacturing can increase the risk of nerve cancer.
Symptoms can vary depending on the location, size and type of tumor. The various symptoms of nervous system cancer are as follows:
Diagnosing tests play a vital role in identifying the nerve cancer or other disorders. The different tests and procedures involve the following:
If the cancer is diagnosed early then the patient can avoid few risks. Based on the diagnostic results (stage, type, location of tumor), there are various treatment options available. For most of the nervous system tumors, the treatment involved is surgery, chemotherapy, radiation treatment, neurological and neuro-radiological follow-up or a combination of these techniques.
The cost of cancer can be very high and if you are a person with cancer you must understand the medical expenses. Right from the beginning of the treatment, several costs are incurred such as treatment costs, drug costs, transportation to and from the cancer center and others.
The side effects caused by different nerve cancer treatment include the following: