Meninges Cancer

Meninges Cancer is a brain disorder that occurs in the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges).

Signs & Symptoms

Meninges cancer includes the 8 symptoms listed below:

  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Photophobia
  • Behavioral change
  • Papilloedema
  • Altered consciousness
  • Proptosis

What Causes Meninges Cancer?

The exact cause of Meninges cancer is not known but research is being carried out to find the possible causes. According to doctors, meningioma may be found in people who suffer with type II neurofibromatosis, which is a neurological illness.

Test & Procedures

To diagnose the cancer, your doctors need to find out about the type, position and size of the tumor. There are a number of tests and investigations.

Physical examination

The doctor will thoroughly check the power and feeling in your arms, legs and your reflexes.

CT scan (computerized tomography)

A CT scan uses small amounts of radiation to take a series of x-rays of the inner part of your body. The scan is usually painless and is very unlikely to harm. The CT scan can be completed in 10-30 minutes.

MRI scan (magnetic resonance imaging)

MRI scan uses magnetism instead of x-rays to take a detailed picture of inner areas of your body.

Angiogram

It involves an injection of a dye through a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to show up the blood vessels in the brain that supply the tumor. It is inserted into an artery in the groin, arm or neck.

Biopsy

A sample of cells is taken from the tumor and examined under a microscope. The cancerous cells (Meningiomas) can be clearly shown by scans, so a biopsy is rarely necessary.

Grading

Grading refers to the appearance of the meningiomas. These are divided into three types to identify how quickly the tumor may grow.

Grade 1 - Benign

These tumors are very slow-growing and most of them do not come back after treatment.

Grade 2 - Atypical

These tumors grow more quickly and can reoccur.

Grade 3 - Anaplastic

These tumors are faster-growing and spread into the brain. These tumors have a major chance of recurrence.

How to treat Meninges Cancer?

The treatment for Meninges Cancer depends on the patient’s health condition, the size and position of the tumor.

Before giving any treatment for brain tumors, the pressure in the skull must be checked. If it is raised, only after reducing the pressure in the brain the treatment must be started. Giving steroid drugs may reduce swelling around the tumor. If the pressure raised in the brain is because of a build-up of CSF, the excess fluid in the brain is drained off by inserting a tube (shunt) thereby lowering the pressure.

Active surveillance

If the tumor is small, immediate treatment may not be required because most meningiomas tend to be slow-growing, and it may be a long time before any symptoms require treatment. In this situation, regular scans will be done to check for any growth of the tumor.

Surgery

Meninges Cancer treatment involves surgery as the primary treatment wherein the meningioma is completely removed with no complications. The presence of tumor in particular places makes it impossible or too risky to remove surgically.

Radiotherapy

After surgery, radiotherapy treatment is given priority as it uses high energy rays and is used to treat both benign and malignant meningioma. The use of Radiotherapy can remove the meningioma completely or used to reduce the chance of the tumor from coming back.

In some cases surgery may not be possible. In such cases, radiotherapy may be used alone.

Stereotactic radio-surgery

In this treatment, hundreds of beams of radiotherapy are aimed at the tumor in a single session. It allows larger doses of radiotherapy to be given with less damage to surrounding tissues. This treatment is best used to treat smaller tumors and for tumors that have come back.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the usage of anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy is a rarely used treatment for meningioma.

Side Effects of Meninges Cancer

The Meninges Cancer treatment will have few side effects that might last up to few days or few months. They are:

 

 

 

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