Liver Function Tests

  • Liver function tests are done in order to understand the patient’s liver condition.
  • There are different tests conducted under this liver function test:
    1. Albumin
    2. Alpha-1
    3. ALP
    4. Urine Bilirubin
    5. Serum Bilirubin
    6. GGT
    7. ALT
    8. AST
    9. Prothrombin time
  • A medical technician conducts the tests on a patient. He collects the serum or the sample of plasma from the patient. Tests are then conducted on the samples.

Purpose of the tests

  • Liver function tests consist of numerous tests. Different tests have different purposes. These tests help a person to know whether he/she has any liver diseases or kidney diseases. They also help identify if the person has any cancer of the liver or the kidney.
  • An Albumin test is conducted in order to measure the protein Albumin in the liver.
  • Alpha-1 test measures the level of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin in the blood in the liver.
  • ALP test is conducted to measure the level of Alkaline Phosphate in the liver.
  • GGT test is essential to know the level of Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase.
  • ALT and AST tests measure level of Alanine Transaminase and Aspertate Aminotransferase, which are necessary for smooth functioning of liver.
  • Serum Bilirubin and urine Bilirubin tests measure their levels in the liver.
  • Prothrombin time test measures the time it takes for the plasma to clot in the liver.

When the test can be

  • Liver function tests are a part of the annual health check up package for most individuals who are aged between 35 and 40. It is a necessary test pack which should be done annually.
  • In case ones skin and eyes are yellow and feel they may have Jaundice, these tests will help support for the diagnosis of Jaundice.
  • Even if the person has problems with his/her digestion and appetite, they need to have check up.
  • If the color of the stool and the urine is not normal and if the person has headache and fever, Liver function tests must be undertaken.