Liver cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cells of liver. It is very common across the globe but uncommon in the USA.
Early stages of liver cancer are often bereft of any signs or symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, symptoms do appear in the form of weight loss, abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea, liver enlargement, jaundice and white colored stools.
Various options exist for treating liver cancer. Based on the stage and type of the cancer, the following modes of treatment are used:
Like all other types of cancer, liver cancer also develops due to mutations in the genes. These changes can be caused by various factors such as exposure to chemical agents called carcinogens or infection with hepatitis viruses. Sometimes causes may be unknown. The risk of liver cancer increases due to age, cirrhosis, diabetes, excessive alcohol intake, obesity and aflatoxin exposure.
A series of diagnostic procedures are used to diagnose liver cancer. It includes blood tests to gauge liver function. Imaging tests include ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and PET scan. Liver biopsy involves extracting a bit of liver tissue and examining it for pathological aberrations. Once diagnosed, the stage of liver cancer is determined through staging tests.
Liver Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
|Ribbon||Emerald Green Color|
Vaccination against hepatitis A, B and C, drinking alcoholic beverages in moderation and maintaining a healthy lifestyle including consumption of antioxidant foods are some of the ways you can prevent liver cancer.