Lice

Lice are small wingless insects that live on human body to suck the blood for their survival. They spread easily through close contact and it is more common in school children.

Lice are classified into several types. This includes,

  • Head Lice
  • Body Lice
  • Pubic Lice

Head Lice: These types of lice develop on human scalp. Most of the people get head lice when they have head to head contact. They are found along the hairline, nape of your neck and back of your ears.

Body Lice: Body lice are tiny parasitic insects that lie on bed and clothes and travel to the skin to suck the human blood for their survival. People who live in unhygienic conditions are more likely to get this kind of lice.

Pubic Lice: pubic lice are often known as crabs. They are tiny insects that are found in pubic hair. Most commonly they are spread through close (sexual) contact. Pubic lice are different from head and body lice.

Head, body and pubic lice does not spread any kind of disease.

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on type of lice you have, but most common symptom of lice is itching. Head lice may cause itching on scalp where as body lice cause severe itching which becomes sore on the infected areas and pubic lice cause bad itching that forms small marks on the thighs and upper arms. In severe cases, it may lead to skin infection.

Causes

Lice is harmless disease, they spread through direct or close contact between individuals and also by sharing personal belongings such as comb, brushes, towels, clothes and hats. Head lice cannot fly or jump from human to human, they move by crawling. People are affected with body lice when they live in unhygienic conditions. Pubic lice are mainly spread by sexual contact.

Diagnosis

You can easily identify lice at home by careful inspection at infected region, no need of medical attention.

Treatment and Prevention

Doctor prescribes you few medications and lotions such as malathion, benzyl alcohol lotion and lindane to treat head, body and pubic lice if symptoms are more severe.

You have to follow few self careful tips to avoid lice. This includes,

  • Instruct your child to avoid head to head contact with others during school time.
  • Don't share personal belongings such as comb, towels, hats, clothes with others.
  • Use lotions and medicines to get rid of lice.
  • Keep your surroundings clean and clutter free to avoid body and pubic lice.
  • Wash your belongings in hot water thrice in a week.
  • Make a use of nit comb to remove lice from hair.