When the skin is broken, a tissue called "scar" forms over the wound to protect the skin from an injury. Keloids are excessive growth of scar tissue on the skin that can appear on any part of the body but more likely found on upper back, chest and shoulders.

Keloids scarring affect people with darker skin tone much more easily when compared to people with lighter skin. However, it may spread beyond the borders of skin damage and may last permanently.


Keloid symptoms may include:-

  • Tenderness and itchy
  • Irritation and burning sensation
  • Ridged area of skin

In very rare cases, keloids may grow into cancerous when the growth is excessive. They are most commonly found on arms, upper chest, back lower legs and neck regions and are not contagious.


It is a genetic disorder that most commonly affect the people between the ages of 10 to 30. Skin injuries can lead to keloids scarring and the exact cause of keloid is unknown. This includes,

  • Acne scars
  • Burns
  • Chickenpox scars
  • Ear piercing
  • Scratches
  • Surgical cuts


No tests are usually needed to detect the condition. Doctor diagnose the disease just by looking at your skin and in extremely rare cases, he suggests you to take skin biopsy to detect cancerous cells in your body.

You need to consult a doctor if symptoms are more severe and growth continuous rapidly otherwise medical attention is not usually required.


Several treatment options are available in today's life to remove keloids but none of them are more effective. The following treatments are used to remove keloids scarring. This includes,

  • Steroids are given to a patient to flatten growing keloids.
  • Steroid-impregnated tape is applied at wounded region for 12 hours in a day.
  • Other treatments such as surgery, radiotherapy, cryotherapy and laser treatment are provided for a patient depending on location and size of the keloids.
  • Medications such as 5-fluorouracil and bleomycin are used to flatten keloids.

Risk factors of keloids

Common risk factors of keloids may include:-

  • Family history
  • Dark skin
  • If you experienced this kind of condition before


Following precautions may help you to prevent occurrence of keloids:

  • Avoid tattoos and body piercing to reduce the risk of keloids.
  • Don't take skin surgery for cosmetic purposes because it may lead to growth of keloids scarring.
  • If you suspect acne, seek a medical advice to get treated more effectively at an early stage.