When the skin is broken, a tissue called "scar" forms over the wound to protect the skin from an injury. Keloids are excessive growth of scar tissue on the skin that can appear on any part of the body but more likely found on upper back, chest and shoulders.
Keloids scarring affect people with darker skin tone much more easily when compared to people with lighter skin. However, it may spread beyond the borders of skin damage and may last permanently.
Keloid symptoms may include:-
In very rare cases, keloids may grow into cancerous when the growth is excessive. They are most commonly found on arms, upper chest, back lower legs and neck regions and are not contagious.
It is a genetic disorder that most commonly affect the people between the ages of 10 to 30. Skin injuries can lead to keloids scarring and the exact cause of keloid is unknown. This includes,
No tests are usually needed to detect the condition. Doctor diagnose the disease just by looking at your skin and in extremely rare cases, he suggests you to take skin biopsy to detect cancerous cells in your body.
You need to consult a doctor if symptoms are more severe and growth continuous rapidly otherwise medical attention is not usually required.
Several treatment options are available in today's life to remove keloids but none of them are more effective. The following treatments are used to remove keloids scarring. This includes,
Common risk factors of keloids may include:-