Hypotonia is a medical term for low state of muscle tone (movement involve the brain, spinal card, nerves and muscles). It is not a particular medical disorder, but a potential manifestation of dissimilar diseases and illnesses that effect on entire nervous system. In this, they maintain a certain amount of stress and hardness that can be felt as resistance to movement. It is dissimilar from muscle weakness, even though it can be complicated to use the injured muscles relying on the cause, many of the times grows in the association with Hypotonia.

Causes may include:

  • Brain damage
  • Muscles illness
  • Affect on central nervous system
  • Infections
  • Inborn errors of metabolism

This condition can affect adults and also kids. Children with Hypotonia seem like a ragdoll, because they may have less deficiency and head may fall to the side.

Signs and symptoms of Hypotonia:

  • Having no control of their neck muscles, hence their head falls to the side, backward or forward.
  • Feeling floppy when held and they could simply skid through your hands.
  • Incapable to places any weight on their legs or neck muscles.
  • Their hands and legs fall straight down from their sides, alternately bending at their elbows, hips and knees.
  • Drinking and swallowing is very difficult, and they may have a weak cry.

When a kid suffered with Hypotonia, take longer time to reach developmental skills like sitting up, crawling, walking and feeding etc. When adults suffered with this disease may have below problems, which are: Falling frequently, difficulty getting up from sitting position and high degree of flexibility in hips, knees and elbows.
There are many tests recommended for Hypotonia, these include Blood tests, a Computerized Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, electroencephalogram (EEG), genetic testing, spinal taps, electromyography muscle tests and nerve biopsy.

Treatments for Hypotonia:

Therapy includes treating the symptoms and also essential conditions. Therapy team is commonly multi disciplinary, this includes:

  • Pediatricians
  • Neurologist
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Chest specialist
  • Heart specialist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Physical and occupational therapist
  • Speech and language therapist
  • genetic counselors

There are many number of Therapies occurred for Hypotonia, like Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, Speech and language therapy, assisted breathing, Orthopedic review and specific meditation etc. By using these therapies we can reduce the Hypotonia disease in adults as well as in children. Child with hypotonia has to be taken proper care while carrying. Until 2004 there was no avoidance for hypotonia.