Hyperplasia is a generally used term that refers to the increase in the number of cells in a particular organ. It is also called as ‘hypergenesis’. If a person has hyperplasia, it can also lead to the enlargement of that organ or tissue. This leads to the misdiagnosis of benign tumor or neoplasia. Hyperplasia mostly occurs in the uterus where the lining becomes too thick. This is called Endometrical Hyperplasia. Hyperplasia is also confused with hypertrophy, where the cell size increases and not the number of cells.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
- The main and the most common symptom to diagnose hyperplasia is abnormal bleeding during the menstrual cycle.
- If a woman has more than usual days of her menstrual cycle, she can be diagnosed with hyperplasia. During this period, a woman can experience excessive blood loss. Another common symptom is stomach and abdominal pain.
- Hyperplasia is caused due to excess estrogen in the uterus. It is also caused due to hormonal dysfunction.
- But, if the growth of number of cells occurs in a particular organ like the milk secreting cellsin the glandular organ, then it cannot be termed as hyperplasia.
- Hyperplasia can occur due to presence of other disorders like Cushing’s disease, CongenitalAdrenal Disorder, liver hyperplasia and hyperplasia of the breast.
- Women who already have fibroids have higher chances of suffering from hyperplasia. In case fibroids is not detected and left untreated, it would lead to hyperplasia.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT:
- There is no preventive drug that can be taken to avoid hyperplasia. But, once detected, one can take precautions not to aggravate it.
- Hyperplasia should be treated immediately since some hyperplasia can lead to cancer also.
- Some women who have hyperplasia can be given birth control pills. Even progesterone is given to women who have Endometrical hyperplasia.
- In order to prevent cancer, doctors recommend hysterectomy to treat hyperplasia. In case the patient chooses not to opt for hysterectomy, the doctor will monitor the hyperplasia closely to see any indications of cancerous or malignant cells.