Hepatitis B is a disease, the root cause of which has emerged from Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). This disease primarily affects the liver and its functioning. The duration of this disease can be short term or long term. Hepatitis B lasting for short term is known as Acute Hepatitis B. The infection that stays for long-term, say more than six months is called as Chronic Hepatitis B. Infants and children suffering from this infection are at higher risk of chronic hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis B increases the possibility of liver damage, liver cancer or unending scratches on the liver.
Hepatitis B is a transmitted disease originating from Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). It is transmitted from one person to another through;
Intimate Relation : Hepatitis B is transmitted when the person has unprotected sex with the infected person.
Sharing of Needles : One is at the increased risk of HBV when needles and syringes are reused. This causes contamination.
Accidental Needle Sticks : Nurses and care workers are prone to HBV when they accidentally come in touch with the needle sticks.
Mother to Baby : A pregnant woman suffering from HBV might pass the infection to her baby at the time of childbirth. Nevertheless, the infant is vaccinated to avoid transmission of infection.
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis C||Hepatitis D||Hepatitis E||Hepatitis F||Hepatitis G|
Source : Wikipedia
Acute Hepatitis B needs no treatment to be cured. Sufficient rest and proper nutrition and fluids will combat against the infection in the body. However, treatment for chronic hepatitis B includes;
Antiviral Medications - Various antiviral drugs like Lamivudine, Hepsera, Tyzeka, Baraclude help subside the infection and gradually improve liver functioning.
Interferon alfa-2b - This drug is an artificial substance produced by the body used to treat teenagers suffering from HBV infection who do not prefer undergoing a longitudinal treatment or women who want to conceive in few years.
Liver Transplant - Liver transplant takes place when the liver is severely damaged. In this surgery, the surgeon replaces the spoiled liver with a fit liver. Majority of livers are donated after the donor expires and less commonly from living donor who contribute a part of their lives.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B vary from mild to severe that can be noticed after four months of infection affecting the body. The symptoms are;
It is quite complex to discriminate hepatitis from hepatitis B on clinical grounds. Hence, a confirmation through lab is mandate. Common ways to diagnose hepatitis B is through blood tests to confirm acute and chronic hepatitis.
Imaging tests to detect hepatitis B are;
To prevent hepatitis B, one should always be cautious and implement the following;
The average annual cost of treating chronic hepatitis B virus sums upto $761. However, a liver transplant would cost $ 86,552 excluding post transplant care.