Hemophilia Types

Introduction

  • Hemophilia is a disorder in which blood does not clot.
  • Our blood contains some clotting factors which help to stop the bleeding.
  • People who have hemophilia have low or absence of these factors.
  • People with this problem bleed for more time as compared to normal people.
  • They do not bleed fast or bleed so much that their condition becomes very serious by a small wound.
  • The main problem is that, they can have internal bleeding which can be uncontrollable.
  • It is a hereditary disease which transfers from the mother to the child.
  • Mainly, it is a male disease.
  • Severe Hemophilia is not generally found in female but it is commonly found in males.
  • Mainly, it is found in the muscle and joints.
  • If it is a serious injury or any internal injury, tissues can be damaged and it can be life-threatening.

 Causes

  • This problem is generally inherited.
  • It passes from the parents to the children.
  • It can be possible that the mother is not having hemophilia, but because of the father’s gene, it can pass to the children.
  • In such cases, the mother is called the “carrier” of the disease.

Symptoms

  • The main symptom of hemophilia is too much of bleeding.
  • Bleeding depends on the severity of the wound.
  • Bleeding can be internal or external.
  • Nosebleeds, heavy bleeding from a small injury, bleeding due to a loose tooth etc are the symptoms, which indicate that the person is having hemophilia.
  • Bleeding in brain, bleeding in joints, bleeding in stool or urine are some serious symptoms of severe hemophilia.

Diagnose

  • If you see continuous bleeding even in a small wound, hemophilia is suspected.
  • In such case, you should see your doctor and tell him about the kind of bleeding you have.
  • The doctor will check you and will take your personal and family history, to figure out if you or anyone in your family has such problem.
  • Some physical examinations and blood tests are taken to clarify things related to your disease.
  • It is calculated during the test how much time it takes to stop bleeding.
  • Tests will show which type of hemophilia you have :
  •  
    • Mild hemophilia
    • Moderate hemophilia
    • Severe hemophilia

Treatment

  • Replacement therapy is one of the best and the effective therapies for this problem.
  • In this therapy, clotting factors are given to the body.
  • They can be injected or dripped in the vein to the body.
  • It replaces the low clotting factors or missing clotting factors.
  • This therapy can be done many times to prevent bleeding.
  • This treatment is known as preventive therapy.
  • In this method, clotting factors are made from human blood that has been purified and treated to prevent other blood related problems.
  • If your child is having such problem, then you have to take extra care so that he may not get hurt.
  • Always follow the instructions given by your doctors.
  • If you have hemophilia you should go for regular checkups. This will keep you safe.