Head and Neck Cancer

Cancer that develops in the mouth, nose, salivary glands, throat, sinuses and the lymph nodes of the neck is termed as Head and Neck Cancer. The bad cells usually develop in the moist tissues of mouth, nose and the throat that ultimately leads to head and neck cancer. The virus develops in the head and neck beginning with a flat lining on the surface layer of the head and neck. The head and neck cancer comprises of Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer, Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer, Nasopharyngeal Cancer and Salivary Gland Cancer.

Signs & Symptoms

Providentially, the head and neck cancer gives away obvious symptoms of this disease. Any discomfort in the head and neck region and the areas associated with it should be immediately reported to the doctor at the earliest to start the treatment. Head and neck cancer possess the following signs and symptoms;

  • A lump in the neck that is present from more than two weeks
  • Any change in the voice
  • A sore or swelling in the mouth that doesn’t go
  • Blood in saliva or phlegm
  • Swallowing problems
  • Any change in the skin
  • Consistent ear ache


To treat head and neck cancer, a plan is sketched out that include the location of tumor, in which stage the cancer is; and the patient’s age and health. The treatment has a possibility to include a surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy or alternatively an amalgamation of treatments.


The causes of head and neck cancer include;

  • Chewing tobacco
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Betel Quid (Paan)
  • Consumption of Mate
  • Excessive consumption of preserved or salted foods
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Radiation exposure

Tests & Procedures

To detect head and neck cancer, the doctor conducts few tests, evaluates the person’s medical history, conducts a physical examination and orders few tests to be done. The tests include the patient to visit a Neck lump clinic for checkup, a Nasendoscopy to be done, an Ultrasound of the neck and Biopsy if needed.

Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
Month April
Ribbon Burgundy Color

Preventive Measures

Avoiding the above mentioned causative factors will help you prevent head and neck cancer. It is also advised to have regular dental check-up done in order to identify the pre-cancerous germs in oral cavity. It is also believed that HPV vaccines might lead to the reduction of HPV-Induced head and neck cancer.

Treatment Cost

The head and neck cancer cost per patient is approximately $9,414.

Side Effects

The side-effects of treating head and neck cancer include the following;

  • Discomfort in chewing, swallowing or talking
  • Swelling of face and neck
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Stiffness of the parts operated
  • Redness
  • Irritation
  • Sore mouth
  • Dry or thickened saliva
  • Nausea
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Ear aches
  • Drooping of the skin


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