What is goiter? What causes goiter?
The term 'goiter' refers to a medical condition caused by an abnormally enlarged thyroid gland. The thyroid gland makes use of iodine to produce thyroid hormones. Thus low level of iodine in the body affects the thyroid hormone production. The brain would stimulate the thyroid gland when thyroid hormone levels are low, resulting in the enlargement of the gland. Compared to men women are at greater risk of developing goiter. This disease is less common in youngsters.
What causes the enlargement of thyroid gland?
What are the symptoms of goiter?
How is goiter diagnosed?
Proper physical examination is done to check the abnormality of the thyroid gland. Thyroid function tests are needed to find out the underlying cause of thyroid enlargement. If you have a hyper active thyroid gland, tests for grave’s disease are followed. Tests for hashimoto’s thyroiditis are conducted if you have hypothyroidism. Other tests such as a radioactive iodine scan, thyroid ultrasound or a fine needle aspiration biopsy are used to diagnose the other causes of goiter.
How is goiter treated?
Treatment varies depending on the cause of the goiter.
Estimated cost for surgical removal of goiter is $15,000-$20,000.
How to prevent the risk of developing goiter?