Gall Bladder Cancer

Gall Bladder Cancer Awareness Month & Ribbon
Month February
Ribbon Green Color


There are few diseases that prove to be deadly when not treated properly. One such disease is cancer and one of its types is Gall-bladder cancer.

Cancer that penetrates and develops in the gall bladder of the human body is referred to as gall-bladder cancer i.e the pear-shaped organ which is located to the right side of the abdomen just underneath the liver. The function of gall-bladder is to store bile- a digestive liquid that is produced by the liver. Cancer in the gall-bladder is unusual.

Signs & Symptoms

Gall-bladder cancer has the following signs and symptoms;

  • Pain in the abdomen, especially in the extreme right part of the abdomen
  • Bloating of the abdomen
  • Rashes
  • Temperature
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Reduction in weight without attempting to do so
  • Nausea
  • Skin turning yellow
  • Paling of the eyes (jaundice)


Cholecystectomy is a surgery performed to remove the gall-bladder with dissection of the liver and lymph node which is usually the most common and effective treatment for gall-bladder cancer. Another form of treatment is Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy. However, cancer is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage, thus leaving the survival chances of the victim to nil. Nonetheless, if detected and treated early, the patient can live for a period of atleast five years.


Till date, the factors causing gall-bladder cancer are unknown. But what remains known is the healthy gall-bladder cells growing mutations in the DNA. These changes lead cells to develop out of control and resume to continue growing and living when other cells normally expire. The mutated cells accumulate to form a tumor that shaped outside the gall-bladder and gradually spreads across other areas of the body.

The gall-bladder cancer ignites with glandular cells that protect the internal part of the gall-bladder. The cancer that begins in this category of cell is known as adenocarcinoma.

Tests & Procedures

Early detection of gall-bladder cancer is usually not possible. Nevertheless, there exists certain tests and procedures mentioned below to detect gall-bladder cancer.

  • Transabdominal ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • MRI
  • MR cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP)
  • Biopsy

Preventive Measures

Although there are no specific ways to prevent gall-bladder cancer, but the following most-known ways can help us maintain a healthy life;

  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Healthy diet
  • Eating leafy and green vegetables

Side Effects

The gall-bladder cancer treatment might destroy few healthy cells while treating the bad cells as well. This might have the following side-effects on your health.

  • Pain around the area treated
  • Weakness
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fatigue
  • Skin changes
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Nausea
  • Hair-loss
  • Diarrhea

A to Z Cancer Types