When an insect bites or stings a person, it may cause pain, itching or swelling. Sometimes it may cause an allergic reaction which could even cause death. In case of an insect bite, one should note which insect caused the bite. If the bite turns out to be serious and medical help is needed, the doctor would want to know the cause of the bite.
Procedure of First Aid for Insect Bites and Stings
There are a set of common steps that need to be taken as measures of first aid for insect bites and stings.
- Removal of Stinger: The insect which bites has a stinger through which it releases venom into the victim’s body. When a person is bitten, the stinger should not be pulled out with tweezers as it may be counterproductive causing additional release of venom. Instead it should be scraped out gently.
- Cleaning the Bitten Area: The area of the insect bite should be cleaned thoroughly with water and an antiseptic or even soap to wash out the venom and prevent an infection from developing.
- Dealing with the Swelling: Rings and bracelets should be removed as swelling may occur in the bitten area and jewelry could restrict blood flow. Ice and cold compresses will reduce the pain as well as the swelling.
- Application of Lotion: Insect bites could cause severe itching which can be eased by applying a soothing lotion.
Need for Medical Attention
First aid for insect bites and stings may not suffice and victims may require medical attention.
- Anaphylaxis is a condition where a person who is allergic to insect bites and stings may go into shock. This should be considered as a medical emergency and the victim must be taken to a doctor immediately.
- Also, in case of dizziness, hives, nausea or fainting after an insect bite or sting, a doctor’s help should be sought immediately.
Precautionary Measures to Avoid Insect Bites and Stings
Certain precautions can be taken to avoid getting bitten by insects.
- One should avoid threatening insects by attacking them especially insects like bees.
- It is better to use insect repellent if one is in an area infested by insects.
Most of the time, insect bites and stings do not turn out to be serious. However, one should be aware of the procedure of providing first aid for insect bites and stings.
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