First Aid For Heat Exhaustion

First Aid For Heat Exhaustion

How to Provide First Aid for Heat Exhaustion

When a person is exposed to the heat for long period of time, his body loses salt and water due to profuse sweating leading to heat exhaustion. By itself, it is not a dangerous condition but it could progress to a heat stroke which could prove fatal. Prompt provision of first aid for heat exhaustion could help him recover.

Susceptibility to Heat Exhaustion

  • People who are not used to being in hot conditions are prone to heat exhaustion.
  • Also, people who are already suffering from vomiting or diarrhea could easily develop symptoms of heat exhaustion. This is because their body fluids would already be depleted due to the illness and the heat will result in more dehydration.

Symptoms Which Would Necessitate First Aid for Heat Exhaustion

A person who exhibits the following symptoms in hot conditions would require first aid to help overcome heat exhaustion.

  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Cramps in the arms, legs or abdomen
  • A very high or very low pulse rate

First Aid for Heat Exhaustion

First aid for treating heat exhaustion involves cooling the person’s body and replenishing it with salt and water.

  • If the person suffering from heat exhaustion is in the sun, he should be taken indoors or to a shaded place.
  • The person should lie down with his legs raised.
  • He should be given a lot of water to drink.
  • He should also be given water mixed with a little salt or a sports drink. A snack like a salty cracker can also be given.
  • Alcohol rubs are best avoided.
  • Drinks containing alcohol or caffeine should not be given to the victim.
  • Any tight item of clothing should be loosened or removed.
  • If there seems to be no improvement in his condition, he should be seen by a doctor or taken to hospital immediately.

A person who has suffered from heat exhaustion should preferably avoid the heat and stay in a cool environment for some days. Too much of physical activity that could bring about tiredness and sweating must be avoided.

First aid for heat exhaustion is quite simple and awareness of what needs to be done will help to prevent the situation from turning serious.

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