A head trauma may be caused due to reasons ranging from a simple fall to a major accident. It could be only a concussion or a scalp injury or even a skull fracture combined with a brain injury. If the head injury is severe, the victim may fall into a coma and this may even lead to death. First aid for head trauma may be vital for his survival.
First aid is very vital in the case of the head injury as it could be life threatening. The person administering first aid should continuously monitor the situation and adopt suitable measures.
If the victim turns blue or gray near the lips or the nails, it would mean that there is shortage of oxygen supply as a result of blockage in the air passage. He may either have to be moved to a position which facilitates free breathing or artificial respiration may need to be given.
If the head is bleeding, the required first aid would be to press a clean piece of cloth on the wound. However, this should be avoided if a skull fracture is suspected.
If there is any flesh protruding out, the person providing first aid for head trauma should not try to push it back.
If he starts getting seizures, he should be prevented from injuring himself.
The victim of a head injury often suffers a temporary loss of partial or complete memory. This should be checked by asking suitable questions like his name, the date and so on. If there is an error in answering, he needs to be seen by a doctor immediately.
He should be checked for consciousness at short intervals.
He should be kept lying down with the head at an elevated position. He should be moved only if it is absolutely necessary.
If the injured person vomits, he needs to be moved so that he does not choke.
Giving the victim anti-inflammatory medication should be avoided as this could aggravate bleeding.
Giving first aid for head trauma may save the life of a person and one should be thoroughly acquainted with the procedure.
Loss of consciousness
Inability to walk properly
Bleeding in the head region