First Aid For Fracture

A fracture is caused when a bone cracks or breaks.  The reason could range from a simple fall to a major accident.  A fracture if treated on time can often completely heal.  However, if neglected, it could lead to a permanent disability.  So it is vital that first aid for fracture is provided immediately after injury.

Types of Fracture

Closed Fracture vs. Open Fracture

  • A closed fracture is when the broken bone does not tear through the skin.
  • A fracture is considered open when the bone pierces through the skin.  Such fractures can lead to infections.

First Aid for Fracture

If there is a fracture and medical aid is not immediately available, first aid would consist of using splints, padding, bandages, slings and swathes depending on the kind of fracture.

  • Splints

    Poles, sturdy twigs, card boards or magazines can be used as splints.  If these are unavailable, the chest can be used as a splint if the arm is fractured.  In case of a fractured leg, the uninjured leg can be used.

  • Padding

  • Jackets and blankets can be used as padding.

  • Bandages

  • Strips torn from clothes and handkerchiefs can be used as bandages.

  • Slings

  • A sling is something suspended from the neck which supports the hand.  The fractured hand needs to be put in a sling.  When providing first aid for fracture, a piece of cloth or a belt can be used as a sling.  One thing to be remembered is that the victim’s hand should be at a level higher than the elbow.

  • Swathes

  • Immobilizing the injured limb is the purpose of using swathes.  Cloth pieces can be used for the purpose.

Points to be Borne in Mind When Giving First Aid for Fracture

  • People who have suffered fractures may have a problem with blood circulation resulting in numbness and paleness of skin.  If not attended to immediately, this may result in the loss of the affected limb.  Medical help has to be provided as soon as possible.
  • In the case of an open fracture, by no means should one tried to push the bone back.
  • The swathe should be placed either above or below the place of fracture.

A fracture needs to be attended by a medical professional quickly, but until then first aid for fracture needs to be provided which would prevent aggravation of the injury.

See Also Other First Aid Articles