A fracture is caused when a bone cracks or breaks. The reason could range from a simple fall to a major accident. A fracture if treated on time can often completely heal. However, if neglected, it could lead to a permanent disability. So it is vital that first aid for fracture is provided immediately after injury.
If there is a fracture and medical aid is not immediately available, first aid would consist of using splints, padding, bandages, slings and swathes depending on the kind of fracture.
Poles, sturdy twigs, card boards or magazines can be used as splints. If these are unavailable, the chest can be used as a splint if the arm is fractured. In case of a fractured leg, the uninjured leg can be used.
Jackets and blankets can be used as padding.
Strips torn from clothes and handkerchiefs can be used as bandages.
A sling is something suspended from the neck which supports the hand. The fractured hand needs to be put in a sling. When providing first aid for fracture, a piece of cloth or a belt can be used as a sling. One thing to be remembered is that the victim’s hand should be at a level higher than the elbow.
Immobilizing the injured limb is the purpose of using swathes. Cloth pieces can be used for the purpose.
A fracture needs to be attended by a medical professional quickly, but until then first aid for fracture needs to be provided which would prevent aggravation of the injury.