Although ticks are tiny in size, they can cause a lot of trouble if they bite a person. Timely first aid for tick bites offers relief to the host. Since they are carriers or vectors of diseases, it is better to save ourselves from them. It is significant to note here that it is not the bite of the tick that causes problems rather the toxins, secretions or organisms present in the saliva of ticks that on transmission cause diseases. As many as 800 species of ticks are found in the world and they are arthropods just like spiders. Ticks are sometimes confused with other organisms, for example, bed bugs and fleas.
In such cases, it is necessary to observe the symptoms while administering first aid for tick bites to the host as this way the type of disease expected can be ascertained. In case host is suffering from tick bite, he may show following symptoms –
Pain, inflammation, reddening of the affected skin, swelling etc
Immediate Treatment – First Aid for Tick Bites
- Because of the diseases and illnesses caused by them, two families of ticks Ixodidae or hard ticks and Argasidae or soft ticks are dangerous to humans.
- Prevention is always better than cure and therefore it is advisable to protect yourself before going to a jungle or heavily wooded place.
- People when infected with ticks try to remove them in variety of ways. Some try to pick them or some touch burning matchstick to the hind parts of theTick; cover them with nail paint, gasoline or petroleum jelly. These methods instead of doing any good may cause more harm. It may also stimulate the tick to spew out germs causing diseases.
- Since the tick is attached firmly to most hosts, it is important to remove the head and mouth parts of the tick.
- Rough or improper handling must be avoided as while picking them out as the head or mouth parts of tick may remain embedded in the skin of the host causing diseases. Be careful while applying first aid for tick bites
- The rash or site of tick bite must be cleaned with soap or water or mild disinfectant.
- Antibiotic cream may be applied to the affected area.
- Doctors generally recommend diphenhydramine to get relief from inflammation. Applying this first aid for tick bites treatment will surely help.
- These are available in ointment as well as tablet form.
- If there are any symptoms, it is advisable to conduct a test for Rocky Mountain spotted Fever or Lyme disease.
- For some diseases, oral antibiotics are sometimes administered.
- If the symptoms are too acute then in order to get quick relief, antibiotics may be administered or in extreme cases, patients’ needs to be hospitalized.
- More detailed blood tests sometimes become necessary to understand the cause of symptoms or the type of tick bite, so that treatment can be carried out accordingly.
Administering timely first aid for tick bites will definitely ease the discomfort of the host. It is advised to seek medical help as well.
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