First Aid for Fever

Fever is an indication of several medical conditions, encompassing infection. Your normal temperature may get on higher side slightly from the average body temperature of 98.6 F (37 C).

What Temperature Indicates Fever

For small children and infants, even slightly raised temperatures can lead to a serious infection. In newly born kids, either a below the average normal temperature or a temperature can be sign of serious disease. In adults, a fever generally isn't considered to be dangerous until it tolls as high as 103 F (39.4 C) or higher.

Don't bother about fevers below 102 F (38.9 C) with any drugs or medicines unless your physician tells you to. If you suffer from a fever of 102 F (38.9 C) or more, your doctor may advise for gulping an over-the-counter medications, like acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, and others).

Adults may also facilitate aspirin, but it is suggested not to give aspirin to the kids. It may stimulate a rare, but potentially lethal, disorder termed as Reye's syndrome. Also, don't offer ibuprofen to kids younger than 6 months of age.

How to Measure a Temperature in Fever

Today most thermometers display a digital readout. Some measure the temperature faster from the ear canal and can be particularly useful for children and older adults equally. Other thermometers can be facilitated rectally, orally or pressing under the arm.

If you try out a digital thermometer, ensure to go through the instructions so that you understand what the beeps mean and when and how to read the thermometer. Under normal conditions, temperatures tend to hike around 4 p.m. and lowest around 4 a.m.

Due to the capacity for mercury exposure or ingestion, glass mercury thermometers are not longer recommended to be used by the doctors.

Rectally (for infants)

Process to read your child's temperature rectally:

  • Place a small quantity of petroleum jelly or any other oil on the bulb.

  • Ask to lay your child on stomach.

  • Gently insert one-half inch to one inch of the bulb into the rectum.

  • Hold the bulb and keep the child steady for nearly three minutes. To avoid wound, don't let go of the thermometer when it is inside your child.

  • Bring out the thermometer and read the temperature as instructed by the manufacturer.

Measuring a rectal temperature is also a substitute for older adults when taking an oral temperature is tough to administer.

A rectal temperature process is generally 1 degree Fahrenheit (about 0.5 degree Celsius) on the higher side compared to an oral reading.

Taking Temperature Orally

To take the temperature orally:

  • Put the bulb beneath your tongue

  • Close your mouth for the suggested amount of time, generally for three minutes

Under the Arm (Axillary)

Nonetheless it's not the most appropriate process of measuring a temperature you can also facilitate an oral thermometer to put under an armpit for reading temperature:

  • Place the thermometer under your arm and drop your arm down.

  • Hold your arms crossing your chest.

  • Wait for two to five minutes or as asked by your thermometer's manufacturer.

  • Bring out the thermometer and read the temperature.

To read your child's axillary temperature, ask the child to sit in your lap, facing the side. Place the thermometer under your child's arm, which would be opposite your chest.

An axillary reading is considered to be basically 1 degree Fahrenheit (about 0.5 degree Celsius) lower than the oral reading of temperature.

Call Medical Assistance as First Aid Fever under These Circumstances

  • An infant younger than 3 months manifests a rectal temperature of 100.4 F (38 C) or higher, and if the infant is not displaying any other signs or symptoms

  • A baby older than 3 months manifesting a temperature of 102 F (38.9 C) or higher

  • A newborn displaying a low temperature — less than 97 F (36.1 C) read rectally

  • An infant younger than age 2 has a fever more than one day, or a child age 2 or older manifesting a fever longer than three consecutive days

  • An adult manifesting a temperature of more than 103 F (39.4 C) or has had a fever for more than three consecutive days

Call your medical service provider immediately if your child is suffering from fever after being left in a hot car or if a child or adult has following said signs or symptoms with a fever:

  • A bad headache

  • Severe throat swelling

  • Abnormal skin rash

  • Unusual sensitivity to bright light

  • A rigid and painful neck and when the head is bent forward

  • Mental confusion

  • Consistent vomiting

  • Trouble in breathing or experiencing chest pain

  • Extreme restlessness or irritability

  • Stomach ache or pain when urinating

  • Other unexplained signs

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