Although cuts, bruises and scratches are acknowledged as minor or superficial wounds, we should not avoid treating them as we can catch up with some serious infections that may lead to more complicated something that seemed to be so minor.
Let’s have a closer look what are the first aid for cuts.
The ideal way to clean a cut, wound or puncture wound is using cool water. You can keep the area under flowing water or take a water filled tub and pour it from a cup over the wound.
Facilitate soap and a soft washcloth to clean the skin around the cut. Avoid the soap from the wound because soap can lead to irritation.
Even though it may appear that you should facilitate a better cleansing solution (like hydrogen peroxide or iodine), these substances my inflame wounds. Consult your family doctor if you think you should use something other than water.
Bleeding will enable would to get cleaned. Most of small scrapes heals in a short while. Cuts on the face, mouth or head may take time and bleed a lot as these areas are filled with blood vessels.
To block the bleeding, administer firm but gentle pressure on the cut using a clean cotton, tissue or piece of gauze. If the blood soaks through the cotton or cloth, don't remove it. Just apply more gauze or cotton on top of what you already applied in place and put more pressure for 20 to 30 minutes consistently.
Leaving a wound uncovered will enable it remain dry and assists in healing process. If the wound is located in an area that can get dirty or be rubbed by attire, it’s better leave it uncovered.
If it's not in an area that can be left uncovered, cover it with an adhesive band or with sterile gauze and adhesive tape. Replace the bandage each day with new one to keep the wound clean and dry.
A few wounds, like scrapes covering a large part of the body, must be kept moist and cleaned often that will enable cut down the scarring and consolidate speed healing.
Antibiotic ointments enable healing by warding off infection away and by keeping the wound moist and clean. If you have received stitches, your doctor will advise you if you should use an antibiotic ointment. Most primary cuts and scrapes will heal without antibiotic ointment, but it can enable the wound make up and enable reduce scarring.
Call your physician when your wound is deep and you can't maintain the edges stay together or if the edges are indented. Your doctor may close your wound by stitches or using skin adhesive. It will reduce the scarring.
Other Condition to Call Doctor
The wound is on face
The edges of the cut gape is broad
The cut has dirt hat won't come out
The cut gets inflamed or tender
The cut releases a thick, creamy, grayish fluid
You get a temperature over 100°F
The surrounding area of the wound feels senseless
You can't move comfortably
Red streaks appear near the wound
If it's a puncture deep cut and you haven't received a tetanus shot in the past 5 years
The cut bleeds in profusely, blood soaks through the bandage and it is not stopping after 20 minutes of firm pressure
Skin adhesive is yet another way to close primary wounds. Your doctor will administer a liquid film to your cut and allow it dry. The film will hold the lips of your wound together. You have to leave the film on your cut part to allow it to falls off (generally in 5 to 10 days).
Don't administer any ointment, like antibiotic lotion, on your cut if the skin adhesive is applied. It may loosen the adhesive and fall off earlier. Keep your wound away from direct light (like sunlight or heat).
Watch your wound. Contact your doctor when the area surrounding your wound gets very red and hot to touch, or if the wound opens up again.
Tetanus is a severe infection you can receive post injury. The infection is also termed as "lockjaw," as hardening of the jaw is the most prominent symptom.
To inhibit tetanus infection when the wound is small and clean, you'll require a tetanus injection if you haven't got at least 3 doses in your life, or haven't taken a shot in the last 10 years.
If the injury is severe, you'll require tetanus injection if you haven't taken at least 3 shots earlier or if you haven't taken any dose in the last 5 years. The ideal best way to ward off tetanus infection is to consult your family doctor to ensure your shots are up to date.