Esophagus Cancer

Esophagus Awareness Month & Ribbon
Month April
Ribbon Periwinkle Color

Cancer that develops in the esophagus i.e. the food-pipe that stretches from the throat to the stomach is termed as Esophageal Cancer. This type of cancer ignites at the internal layer of the esophagus and gradually spreads through the other layers of the food-pipe and ultimately to the other parts of the body as well.

Signs & Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of Esophageal Cancer include;

  • Painful or difficulty in swallowing
  • Loss of weight
  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Hoarseness
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn


The treatment to be given for Esophageal Cancer depends on the stage of cancer, the parts of the esophagus it affects, the size of the tumor and the average health of the patient. The treatment at stage 0 includes photodynamic therapy, radiofrequency ablation or EMR. The stage 1 treatment includes esophagectomy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The rest of the stages mandate surgery to amputate the affected area of cancer.


There are numerous reasons for the occurrence of esophageal cancer, few of which are listed below;

  • Smoking
  • Use of tobacco
  • Heavy use of alcohol
  • Gastro -esophageal Reflux Disease
  • Barrett’s esophagus

Tests & Procedures

In order to diagnose esophageal cancer, the doctor reviews the patients’ symptoms, medical case-sheet and conducts few tests that might also include few blood tests. The tests a patient might undergo are

  • Barium swallow X-Ray
  • Endoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • CT Scans
  • PET Scan
  • Thoracoscopy
  • Laparoscopy

Preventive Measures

In order to prevent Esophagus Cancer, one should avoid doing the following things;

  • Quit smoking
  • Quit eating tobacco
  • Control on drinking alcohol
  • Consumption of more fruits and vegetables
  • Maintain proper body weight

Treatment Cost

The treatment cost of Esophageal Cancer would cost on an average around $ 1,20,000 to $1,50,000.

Side Effects

The side-effects of treating esophageal cancer includes;

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Skin reactions causing sun burn
  • Harm to lungs or heart
  • Nausea
  • Vomits
  • Hair-loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weakness
  • Increased chances of infection

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