Erectile Dysfunction

What is Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction or ED or impotence, as generally known, is the failure to attain and uphold an erection required for sexual interaction. ED is not believed to be usual at any age. It is dissimilar from other issues that hamper sexual interaction like sexual longing and trouble with ejaculation and orgasm.

Erectile Dysfunction Causes

Causes underlying erectile dysfunction are;

  • Anti-depressant drugs and nicotine
  • Neurogenic disorder
  • Cavernosal disorder
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Mental disorder
  • Surgery
  • Aging
  • Kidney failure
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Smoking

Erectile Dysfunction Classification and External Resources

  • Specialty : Urology
  • ICD-10 : F52.2, N48.4
  • ICD-9-CM : 302.72, 607.84
  • Diseases : DB 21555
  • eMedicine : med/3023
  • Patient UK : Erectile dysfunction
  • MeSH : D007172

Erectile Dysfunction
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Erectile DysfunctionTreatment

Treatment for erectile dysfunction depends on its severity and frequency. Treatment includes;

  • Oral medications
  • Slidenafil (Viagra)
  • Tadalafil (Cialis)
  • Vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn)
  • Avanafil (Stendra)
  • These drugs coordinate with the natural chemical- nitric oxide that a man’s body produces to calm down muscles in the penis.

Other Medications

  • Alprostadil self-injection
  • Alprostadil urethral suppository
  • Testosterone replacement

If the above mentioned medications are ineffective, the doctor might suggest a different treatment; i.e.

  • Penis pumps or vacuum erection device
  • Penile implants
  • Blood vessel surgery

Erectile Dysfunction Symptoms

Symptoms to detect erectile dysfunction are;

  • Difficulty getting an erection
  • Problem sustaining an erection
  • Decreased sexual desire

Erectile Dysfunction Diagnosis

In majority of cases, all that a doctor needs to detect erectile dysfunction in men is to know their medical history or a casual talk. However, doctors also prescribe few tests to diagnose erectile dysfunction.

Erectile Dysfunction Test Procedure

Tests to diagnose erectile dysfunction are;

Physical Examination - Here, the penis and testicles is carefully examined to know the nerve sensation.

Blood Tests - Under this test, a sample of blood is collected to verify the signs of heart disease, diabetes, low testosterone levels and health ailments.

Urinalysis - Just like a sample of blood is collected to diagnose health problems; urine test is also done to check for symptoms of diabetes and other health conditions.

Ultrasound - Ultrasound of the penis is done by the doctor using a transducer or a wandlike device that is clasped onto the penis to monitor the supply of blood to blood vessels. Ultrasound is occasionally grouped with an injection into the penis to arouse an erection by increasing the blood flow.

Overnight Erection Test - Majority of men experience an erection during sleep with no knowledge of recalling it. In this test, a special device is draped around the penis ahead of falling asleep. This test is done to evaluate the quantity and potency of erections that are experienced overnight. Overnight erection test is done to know whether erectile dysfunction is due to psychological cause or physical health problem.

Psychological Examination - This test is done to know if erectile dysfunction problem is due to depression or other psychological causes.

Erectile Dysfunction Precautions and Preventions

To keep at bay erectile dysfunction, the best measure is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. This can be done by implementing the following precautions;

  • Follow a healthy diet to manage diabetes, heart problems and other health issues
  • Regular checkups to the doctor
  • Medical screening tests
  • Stop smoking
  • Reduce intake of alcohol
  • Shun illegal drugs
  • Exercise daily
  • Meditate to reduce stress
  • Treat anxiety and depression to avoid erectile dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) - Treatment Modalities