Minimize acceleration of blood sugar without causing low levels of blood glucose has been the basic objective in treating diabetes. Insulin has been the best medication for Type 1 diabetes which can be incorporated with, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is basically treated with reduction of weight, a diabetic diet, and regular exercise. When these steps fail to control the increased blood sugars, oral medications are administered. If oral medications are also insufficient, insulin treatment is taken into account.
Following a strict diabetic diet is a vital element of controlling increased blood sugar in diabetic patients. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has also offered guidelines for a diet suitable for diabetics. The total regular calories are divided into three meals evenly.
Exercise and weight reduction are most important treatments for diabetic patients. Weight reduction and regular exercise regulates and elevates the body's sensitivity to insulin, thus enabling to control high blood sugar.
Diabetes Mellitus type I is also popularly termed as juvenile diabetes. It is the result of autoimmune damage of beta cells of pancreas producing insulin. The successive deficiency of insulin is the reason of increased level of glucose in the blood and urine. It can result in polyuria (frequent urination), polyphagia (increased hunger), polydipsia (excessive thirst) and loss of weight.
Type I diabetes can be fatal unless treated by insulin. The best way of administering insulin is through injection. Inhaled insulin and insulin pumps can also be opted for. Transplants of pancreas have also been used to cure type I diabetes; albeit, this method is still under experiment.
Doctor’s Instructions - Follow doctor's instructions for cure of your diabetes type 2. Your doctor may advise you to exercise, eat correctly, take medications and possibly take insulin, if needed. You must follow your doctor’s instructions exactly.
Eat Nutritious Foods - Eat healthy foods and in the right quantity and intervals. You may require buying a kitchen scale to monitor your intake of calories. Eat fixed amount of lean protein, fruit and vegetables as instructed by your doctor. Generally type 2 diabetics should take vegetables as 50% of meal, lean protein as 25% of each meal and whole grains as the rest 25% of each meal. Tofu, chicken and fish are great lean proteins. Whole grain pasta, sprouted bread and brown rice are good source of whole grain products.
Cut down the intake of added sugar, refined flour, high fructose corn syrup, oils, fast foods, processed and packaged foods. Eat frequently but small meals throughout the day. Seeds, nuts, yogurt, vegetables, lean protein, and fruit make right snacks.
Exercise Regularly – Working out six to seven days in a week will keep you fit. A profusion of proper eating, taking your medication and exercising regularly may reverse your Diabetes type 2. Nevertheless, it is not possible to cure every type 2 diabetic patient this way, some people can be cured.
For Type 1 diabetes, the best cure is transplant of the pancreas, the organ liable for production of insulin. Medical professionals and researchers are experimenting and developing a method called pancreas islet cell transplant. In this process, islet cells (which produce insulin) are transplanted into the patient’s pancreas from the donor.
The objective of diabetes management is to maintain blood glucose levels as normal. Since diabetes may increase the risk for heart disease, measures to check blood pressure and cholesterol levels are important part of diabetes treatment.
Diabetics must be responsible for their day-to-day care. This includes monitoring of blood glucose levels, diet, physical activity, keeping stress and weight under control, checking oral medications and, use of insulin via injections or pump, if needed. To assist patients achieve this, UCSF's Diabetes Teaching Center provides self-management educational programs that focus on individualized diabetes care.
Redefining eating habits and elevating physical activity are commonly the first steps toward cutting down blood sugar levels. At UCSF Medical Center, every patients work with their physicians and certified dietician to earmark a dietary plan.
People with type 1 diabetes need multiple insulin injections every day to maintain close to normal insulin levels. Insulin is often needed to treat type 2 diabetes also. Using an insulin pump is an alternative to insulin injections. The pump is of a page size and is generally worn on your belt. Insulin is processed through a small tube (catheter) that is placed inside the skin (generally in the abdomen).
There are four major types of insulin:
Your doctor will decide your dose and the timings you need to take insulin. There is no standard insulin quantity and it depends on elements i.e. as your body weight, eating timings, exercise regime and the amount of insulin your body produces.
Sometimes blood sugar levels constantly remain high in type 2 diabetics even after eating in a healthy manner and doing regular exercise. Under these circumstances, medications taken in the form of pills may be prescribed. The medications work in different ways. These may include improve the effectiveness of insulin produced naturally, cut down blood sugar production, elevate insulin production and encourage blood sugar absorption.
It has been found through research and experiments that diabetes can be delayed prevented or through proper diet and exercise.
It is believed that intake of metformin can prevent diabetes.
It was found that in those persons taking metformin, the risk of developing diabetes was reduces by 31 percent. It was effective for both women and men. But for people 45 and above, it was not that much effective.
Research shows that people with a high risk of getting diabetes can delay or prevent the disease by various lifestyle changes and treatment. In this lifestyle changes is the most preventative measure.
A proper diet with low fat and low calorie foods and regular exercise will certainly diminish the chances of getting diabetes in most persons.
There are five major types of drugs, apart from insulin, that are mostly used to treat diabetics. Usually, with Type I diabetes, drugs and diet are basically not effective in controlling diabetes and insulin injections are the only remedy.