Diabetes Treatment

Minimize acceleration of blood sugar without causing low levels of blood glucose has been the basic objective in treating diabetes. Insulin has been the best medication for Type 1 diabetes which can be incorporated with, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is basically treated with reduction of weight, a diabetic diet, and regular exercise. When these steps fail to control the increased blood sugars, oral medications are administered. If oral medications are also insufficient, insulin treatment is taken into account.

Following a strict diabetic diet is a vital element of controlling increased blood sugar in diabetic patients. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has also offered guidelines for a diet suitable for diabetics. The total regular calories are divided into three meals evenly.

Exercise and weight reduction are most important treatments for diabetic patients. Weight reduction and regular exercise regulates and elevates the body's sensitivity to insulin, thus enabling to control high blood sugar.

Diabetes Type 1 Treatment

Diabetes Mellitus type I is also popularly termed as juvenile diabetes. It is the result of autoimmune damage of beta cells of pancreas producing insulin. The successive deficiency of insulin is the reason of increased level of glucose in the blood and urine. It can result in polyuria (frequent urination), polyphagia (increased hunger), polydipsia (excessive thirst) and loss of weight.

Type I diabetes can be fatal unless treated by insulin. The best way of administering insulin is through injection. Inhaled insulin and insulin pumps can also be opted for. Transplants of pancreas have also been used to cure type I diabetes; albeit, this method is still under experiment.

Diabetes Type 2 Treatment

Doctor’s Instructions - Follow doctor's instructions for cure of your diabetes type 2. Your doctor may advise you to exercise, eat correctly, take medications and possibly take insulin, if needed. You must follow your doctor’s instructions exactly.

Eat Nutritious Foods - Eat healthy foods and in the right quantity and intervals. You may require buying a kitchen scale to monitor your intake of calories. Eat fixed amount of lean protein, fruit and vegetables as instructed by your doctor. Generally type 2 diabetics should take vegetables as 50% of meal, lean protein as 25% of each meal and whole grains as the rest 25% of each meal. Tofu, chicken and fish are great lean proteins. Whole grain pasta, sprouted bread and brown rice are good source of whole grain products.

Cut down the intake of added sugar, refined flour, high fructose corn syrup, oils, fast foods, processed and packaged foods. Eat frequently but small meals throughout the day. Seeds, nuts, yogurt, vegetables, lean protein, and fruit make right snacks.

Exercise Regularly – Working out six to seven days in a week will keep you fit. A profusion of proper eating, taking your medication and exercising regularly may reverse your Diabetes type 2. Nevertheless, it is not possible to cure every type 2 diabetic patient this way, some people can be cured.

Diabetes Diet Treatment

  • Treatment of diabetes most of the time always begins by following a strict diabetes diet tailored to check blood glucose levels. Avoidance of excess sugar consumption is a component of a diabetes diet. Diabetics don’t have to cut down sugar entirely, but need to add it as part of a balanced diet.
  • At every meal, diabetics can take two to five carbohydrate servings, one small amount of fat and one protein serving. A dietician or doctor can offer you a balanced diabetes diet plan to stick to.
  • Carbohydrates cover the balance of the diet, and add fruits, vegetables, dairy, starches and beans. Go for fresh fruit. Eat fresh vegetables that are canned or frozen. Choose high fiber and low sugar bread. Avoid canned and dried fruit or fruit juices, all of these have excessive sugar.
  • Protein sources are meat, diary products, poultry, beans, and fish. Eat more chicken and fish than red meat and go for low-fat or fat-free dairy products.
  • Fat is also imperative for the body, but should be eaten in moderation. Consult with your healthcare provider regarding the amount of fat grams you should add to your diet plan regularly. Cut down fried foods, mayonnaise-based meal, egg yolks, and regular dairy products, choose fat-free and low-fat dairy products instead.

Diabetes Cure

For Type 1 diabetes, the best cure is transplant of the pancreas, the organ liable for production of insulin. Medical professionals and researchers are experimenting and developing a method called pancreas islet cell transplant. In this process, islet cells (which produce insulin) are transplanted into the patient’s pancreas from the donor.

Diabetes Mellitus Treatment

The objective of diabetes management is to maintain blood glucose levels as normal. Since diabetes may increase the risk for heart disease, measures to check blood pressure and cholesterol levels are important part of diabetes treatment.

Diabetics must be responsible for their day-to-day care. This includes monitoring of blood glucose levels, diet, physical activity, keeping stress and weight under control, checking oral medications and, use of insulin via injections or pump, if needed. To assist patients achieve this, UCSF's Diabetes Teaching Center provides self-management educational programs that focus on individualized diabetes care.

Dietary Management and Physical Activity

Redefining eating habits and elevating physical activity are commonly the first steps toward cutting down blood sugar levels. At UCSF Medical Center, every patients work with their physicians and certified dietician to earmark a dietary plan.

Insulin Therapy

People with type 1 diabetes need multiple insulin injections every day to maintain close to normal insulin levels. Insulin is often needed to treat type 2 diabetes also. Using an insulin pump is an alternative to insulin injections. The pump is of a page size and is generally worn on your belt. Insulin is processed through a small tube (catheter) that is placed inside the skin (generally in the abdomen).

There are four major types of insulin:

  • Short-acting
  • Rapid-acting
  • Long-acting
  • Intermediate-acting

Your doctor will decide your dose and the timings you need to take insulin. There is no standard insulin quantity and it depends on elements i.e. as your body weight, eating timings, exercise regime and the amount of insulin your body produces.

Oral Medications

Sometimes blood sugar levels constantly remain high in type 2 diabetics even after eating in a healthy manner and doing regular exercise. Under these circumstances, medications taken in the form of pills may be prescribed. The medications work in different ways. These may include improve the effectiveness of insulin produced naturally, cut down blood sugar production, elevate insulin production and encourage blood sugar absorption.

Diabetes Prevention Treatment

It has been found through research and experiments that diabetes can be delayed prevented or through proper diet and exercise.

It is believed that intake of metformin can prevent diabetes.

It was found that in those persons taking metformin, the risk of developing diabetes was reduces by 31 percent. It was effective for both women and men. But for people 45 and above, it was not that much effective.

Research shows that people with a high risk of getting diabetes can delay or prevent the disease by various lifestyle changes and treatment. In this lifestyle changes is the most preventative measure.

A proper diet with low fat and low calorie foods and regular exercise will certainly diminish the chances of getting diabetes in most persons.

Diabetes Drug Treatment

There are five major types of drugs, apart from insulin, that are mostly used to treat diabetics. Usually, with Type I diabetes, drugs and diet are basically not effective in controlling diabetes and insulin injections are the only remedy.


  • Sulfonylureas are usually taken orally, once or twice a day, before meals. The purpose is to stimulate the beta cells in the pancreas to produce larger amounts of insulin.


  • Meglitinides are identical to sulfonylureas and they also stimulate the beta cells within the pancreas to release of additional insulin. Both sulfonylureas and meglitinides can cause a diabetic to notice  low blood glucose, or hypoglycemia, because of their effect on the release of insulin.


  • Biguanides work to cut down blood glucose levels not by encouraging insulin production but by diminishing the quantity of glucose naturally produced by the liver.


  • Thiazolidinediones reduce blood glucose levels by diminishingthe body's natural glucose release and by enabling to elevate the use of insulin by fat and muscle and fat.

DPP-4 Inhibitors

  • DPP-4 inhibitors are a new type of diabetes pills that might assist increase blood glucose levels without any potential side effect of hypoglycemia.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors

  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, including Precose and Glyset, allow the body's breakdown of starches. Because the sugar and starches are broken down slowly, blood glucose levels generally do not rise quickly.

Injectable Drugs

  • Insulin is the most popularly used drug taken in the form of injection in the treatment of diabetes. It simply replaces the insulin the body is not able to produce or use properly.